Genotoxic effects in the Eastern mudminnow (Umbra pygmaea) after prolonged exposure to River Rhine water, as assessed by use of the in vivo SCE and Comet assays

E.J.M. Penders, A. Spenkelink, W. Hoogenboezem, S.G.P. Rotteveel, J.L. Maas, G.M. Alink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The production of drinking water from river water requires a certain minimal river water quality. The Association of River Rhine Water Works (RIWA), therefore, operates a monitoring network. In vitro mutagenicity studies have shown that the genotoxicity of the River Rhine water steadily decreased from 1981 until 2001. Compared to a study in 1978, a decrease in genotoxicity was also observed in an in vivo genotoxicity study in 2005, in which Eastern mudminnows (Umbra pygmaea) were exposed to River Rhine water, and gill cells were used for the Sister Chromatid Exchange (SCE) test and the Comet assay. In this 2005 study, the in vivo genotoxicity increased upon extending exposure of the fish from 3 to 11 days. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to investigate (i) whether new data corroborate that in vivo genotoxicity of River Rhine water is at present lower than in 1978, (ii) whether the Comet assay is a suitable alternative to the SCE assay, and (iii) whether further prolonged exposure results in a further increase in in vivo genotoxicity. The new data corroborate that in vivo genotoxicity of River Rhine water is at present lower than in 1978. The Comet assay is a useful addition but does not provide a substitute for the SCE endpoint in these in vivo genotoxicity studies. Prolonging the exposure time of Eastern mudminnows to River Rhine water from 11 to 42 days did not give a significant increase in SCEs and DNA damage (Comet assay) in gill cells. Mol. Mutagen. 2012. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-310
JournalEnvironmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • surface waters
  • fish
  • exchanges
  • vitro

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Genotoxic effects in the Eastern mudminnow (Umbra pygmaea) after prolonged exposure to River Rhine water, as assessed by use of the in vivo SCE and Comet assays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this