Genomics of alphabaculovirus isolates infecting Mamestra species from North America and Eurasia

Martin Erlandson*, Doug Baldwin, Just M. Vlak, David Theilmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Whole genome sequencing and multiplex PCR analysis were used to characterize previously isolated baculovirus isolates from Mamestra populations in Eurasia. Although these viruses have been previously described as Mamestra brassicae nucleopolyhedrovirus (MbNPV/MabrNPV), we demonstrate here that these isolates represent strains of the baculovirus species Alphabaculovirus maconfiguratae (MacoNPV-A) and Alphabaculovirus altermaconfiguratae (MacoNPV-B). The MabrNPV-Bu and –Uk isolates had 96% nucleotide (nt) identity to the type isolate MacoNPV-A 90/2 at the whole genome level and in addition contained a lef-7 homologue which is found in MacoNPV-A but not MacoNPV-B. MabrNPV-Si, -De and –Nl had 96.6, 96.6 and 98.5% nt identity to the type isolate MacoNPV-B 96/2 at the whole genome level, respectively and contained a helicase-2 homologue. Gene content, synteny and K-2-P lef-8, lef-9 and polh analysis also confirmed the presence of both MacoNPV-A and MacoNPV-B isolates in Eurasia. Thus, both these alphabaculovirus species have wide Holarctic distributions in Mamestra host species. MacoNPV-A and MacoNPV-B have wide host ranges and in addition we showed that MacoNPV-B isolates trended to higher infectivity for T. ni larvae.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108063
JournalJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Alphabaculovirus
  • Genomics
  • Geographic isolates
  • Mamestra

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