Genomic in situ hybridization analysis of a trigenomic hybrid involving Solanum and Lycopersicon species

S.N. Ali, D.J. Huigen, M.S. Ramanna, E. Jacobsen, R.G.F. Visser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A 4x potato ( ) tomato fusion hybrid (2n=4x=48) was successfully backcrossed with a diploid Lycopersicon pennellii (2n=2x=24). Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) on somatic and meiotic chromosomes confirmed that the progenies were triploids (2n=3x=36) and possessed three different genomes: potato, tomato, and L. pennellii. Therefore, they have been called trigenomic hybrids. Total genomic probes of both Lycopersicon species were found to hybridize mutually, whereas the potato genome was clearly differentiated. During metaphase I, bivalents were formed predominantly between tomato and L. pennellii chromosomes and the univalents of potato chromosomes were most common. Trivalents in all cases included homoeologous chromosomes of potato, tomato, and L. pennellii. However, the triploids were totally sterile as determined from extensive crossing. On chromosome doubling of triploids by shoot regeneration from callus, hexaploids (2n=6x=72) were obtained. Despite exhibiting clear allohexaploid behaviour by forming 36 bivalents at meiosis, these were also completely sterile like their triploid counterparts. In spite of this drawback, the prospects of chromosome pairing between potato L. pennellii and Solanum genomes does open the possibilities for bringing the two genera close
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-304
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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