Genome-wide BAC-end sequencing of Musa acuminata DH Pahang reveals further insights into the genome organization of banana

R.E. Arnago, R.C. Togawa, S.C. Carpentier, B. te Lintel Hekkert, G.H.J. Kema, M.T. Souza

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Banana and plantain (Musa spp.) are grown in more than 120 countries in tropical and subtropical regions and constitute an important staple food for millions of people. A Musa acuminata ssp. malaccencis DH Pahang bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library (MAMB) was submitted for BAC-end sequencing. MAMB consists of 23,040 clones, with a 140-kbp average insert size, accounting for a five times coverage of the banana genome. A total of 46,080 reads were generated, and 42,750 (92.8%) high-quality sequences were obtained after trimming for vector and quality. Analysis of these data shows a GC content of 41.39%, whereas interspersed repeats comprise 32.3%. The most common repeated sequences found show homology to ribosomal RNA genes, particularly 18S rRNA, while the Ty3/gypsy type monkey retrotransposon is the most common retro element. The sequence data were used to generate a banana-specific repeat library containing 54 new repetitive elements which accounted for 11.86% of the total nucleotides. Simple sequence repeats represent 0.7% of the sequence data and allowed the identification of 2,455 potentially useful marker sites. Functional annotation identified 2,705 sequences that could code for proteins of known function. Microsynteny analysis shows a higher number of co-linear matches to Oryza sativa, in contrast to Arabidopsis thaliana. This database of BAC-end sequences is useful for the assembly of the complete banana genome sequence and is important for identification in functional genomics experiments
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)933-940
JournalTree Genetics and Genomes
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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  • nuclear genome
  • dna
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  • model
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  • localization
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