Genetic parameters for levels of natural antibodies in chicken lines divergently selected for specific antibody response

S. Wijga, H.K. Parmentier, M.G.B. Nieuwland, H. Bovenhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study estimated the heritability of natural antibody (NAb) levels binding rabbit red blood cells at the day of immunization with SRBC (NAb0) and 5 d postimmunization (NAb5) in 2 chicken lines divergently selected for specific antibody levels (SpAb) against SRBC and a randombred control line. In addition, genetic correlations between the levels of NAb binding rabbit red blood cells and levels of SpAb binding SRBC were estimated. The heritability of the SpAb level against SRBC was estimated based on data from 23 generations of selection and in total 21,842 chickens. The heritability of NAb levels against rabbit red blood cells was estimated on 1,764 chickens in generations 22 and 23 using a bivariate analysis including the trait under selection (i.e., SpAb responses to SRBC). Maternal environmental effects were accounted for in the analyses. The heritability for SpAb was 0.17, the heritability for NAb0 levels was 0.23, and the heritability for NAb5 was 0.09. The genetic correlation between SpAb and NAb0 was 0.15 and the genetic correlation between SpAb and NAb5 was 0.50. The weak, though positive, genetic correlation between SpAb responses and the NAb0 levels in nonimmunized chickens, as well as the moderate genetic correlation between SpAb responses and the NAb levels 5 d postimmunization with SRBC, suggest that selection for enhanced adaptive immune system results in a positive correlated response of the innate immunity of chickens
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1805-1810
JournalPoultry Science
Volume88
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • directional selection
  • sheep erythrocytes
  • cells
  • antigen
  • traits
  • immunogenicity
  • complement
  • epitopes
  • immunity
  • innate

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