Summary. The complete nucleotide sequence (4838 nucleotides) of Iris yellow spot virus (IYSV) M RNA indicates, typical for tospoviruses, the presence of two genes in ambisense arrangement. The vRNA ORF codes for the potential cell-to-cell movement (NSm) protein (34.8 kDa) and the vcRNA ORF for the viral glycoprotein (G1/G2) precursor (128.6 kDa). Multiple sequence alignment of the NSm and G1/G2 precursor proteins of IYSV with those of other tospoviruses, showed highest homologies to Peanut bud necrosis virus (PBNV) and Watermelon silver mottle virus (WSMV). The potential cell-to-cell movement protein of tospoviruses is highly conserved (40-70␒dentity), with the exception of the first 60 N terminal amino acids, a domain that clearly diverged. For the G1 and G2 viral glycoproteins, blast searches revealed a significant homology between the C-terminally located tospoviral G1 (G(C)) protein with the counterpart of the animal-infecting bunyaviruses, suggesting a functional homology for these proteins.