Genetic diversity of the African hexaploid species Solanum scabrum Mill. and S. nigrum L. (Solanaceae)

M.L.K. Manoko, R.G. van den Berg, R.M.C. Feron, G.M. van der Weerden, C. Mariani

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two hexaploid species of Solanum sect. Solanum are present in Africa: Solanum scabrum and S. nigrum. Solanum scabrum is a widely cultivated species and is used as a leafy vegetable, as a source of medicine and as a source of ink dye. In previous studies a wide range of morphological diversity has been reported in this species and in some studies subspecies have been proposed. Subspecies are also recognized in S. nigrum. However, it has not been established whether or not the morphological differences are reflected at the genomic level. The present study applies AFLPs to study the genetic diversity in S. scabrum and its relationship to geographical provenance, morphological differences and the possible existence of subspecies within S. scabrum and S. nigrum. The data obtained were analyzed with cluster analysis (using UPGMA and NJ). The results indicate that the genetic variation within S. scabrum was higher within accessions than between accessions. Accessions did not cluster according to their geographical provenance, indicating that accessions from different geographical areas were not significantly different genetically. The clustering reflected neither morphological differences nor domestication status (cultivated or wild). The morphological differences exhibited by S. scabrum could be due to selection by farmers for different plant types. The AFLP derived clustering pattern did not segregate the subspecies recognized in S. scabrum and S. nigrum into separate subclusters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-418
JournalGenetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • fragment length polymorphism
  • aflp analysis
  • wild relatives

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    Manoko, M. L. K., van den Berg, R. G., Feron, R. M. C., van der Weerden, G. M., & Mariani, C. (2008). Genetic diversity of the African hexaploid species Solanum scabrum Mill. and S. nigrum L. (Solanaceae). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 55(3), 409-418. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-007-9248-z