The objective of this research was to estimate genetic parameters for the traits egg weight, egg production in 189 days and age at first egg in three laying quails and one meat line of quails. Data was analyzed by Bayesian procedures using Gibbs sampling. The heritability estimates for egg weight, egg production in 189 days and age at first egg, were, respectively, for yellow line, 0.31, 0.84 and 0.53; for blue line, 0.14, 0.82 and 0.60; for red line, 0.70, 0.96 and 0.75; and for meat line, 0.73, 0.96 and 0.72. Genetic correlation between egg weight and egg production in 189 days, egg weight and day at first egg and egg production in 189 days and day at first egg were for yellow line, 0.58, –0.77 and –0.90; for blue line, 0.09, –0.01 and –0.95; for red line, 0.09, 0.03 and –0.76 and for meat line, –0.18, 0.19 and –0.91, respectively. Based on the probabilities of posterior parameter distribution overlap, the lines are divided in two different groups: one group with the yellow and blue lines and another with the red and meat lines.