Genetic characterisation of four strains of Nile tilapia (Oreochromie Niloticus L.) using microsatellite markers

M.J.M. Rutten, J. Komen, R.M. Deerenberg, M.Z. Siwek-Gapinska, H. Bovenhuis

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Four domesticated strains of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) were genetically characterized using 14 microsatellite markers and 64 animals per strain. Two strains, Chitralada (AIT) and International Development Research Centers (IDRC) were obtained from the AIT institute, Bangkok, Thailand. The GIFT strain (5th generation) came from NAGRI, Thailand, and the GÖTT strain was supplied by the University of Göttingen, Germany. The average numbers of alleles per marker were 5.0 (GÖTT), 5.4 (AIT), 5.6 (IDRC) and 7.5 (GIFT). Private alleles were found at all markers with the exception of two. No fixation of alleles was found at any marker. Population differentiation, FST, was 0.178 (great genetic differentiation) and confirmed grouping of the animals in strains. The expected level of heterozygosity ranged from 0.624 to 0.711, but the observed level of heterozygosity significantly deviated from the expected level in three strains. This was probably because of small population size. Moderate to great genetic differentiation was found between strains. A phylogenetic tree reflected the strains known histories. Application of the Weitzman approach showed that all strains have added value for the total genetic diversity and thus should be retained
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-97
JournalAnimal Genetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • growth-performance
  • farmed tilapias
  • diversity
  • improvement
  • programs
  • fish

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