Genetic and nongenetic factors contributing to differences in αS-casein phosphorylation isoforms and other major milk proteins

Z.H. Fang, H. Bovenhuis, A. Delacroix-Buchet, G. Miranda, D. Boichard, M.H.P.W. Visker, P. Martin*

*Corresponding author for this work

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relative concentrations of αS-casein (αS-CN) phosphorylation isoforms vary considerably among milk of individual cows. We aimed to explore to what extent genetic and other factors contribute to the variation in relative concentrations of αS-CN phosphorylation isoforms and the phosphorylation degree of αS-CN defined as the proportion of isoforms with higher degrees of phosphorylation. We also investigated the associations of genetic variants of milk proteins and casein haplotypes with relative concentrations of αS-CN phosphorylation isoforms and with the phosphorylation degree of αS-CN in French Montbéliarde cattle from the cheese production area of Franche-Comté. Detailed milk protein composition was determined by liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry from 531 test-day morning milk samples. Parity, lactation stage, and genetic variation of cows contributed to the phenotypic variation in relative concentrations of individual αS-CN phosphorylation isoforms and in the phosphorylation degree of αS-CN. As lactation progressed, we observed a significant increase for relative concentrations of αS-CN isoforms with higher degrees of phosphorylation (αS1-CN-9P, αS2-CN-13P, and αS2-CN-14P) as well as for the phosphorylation degree of both αS1-CN and αS2-CN. Furthermore, the β-CN I variant was associated with a greater proportion of isoforms with lower degrees of phosphorylation (αS1-CN-8P, αS2-CN-10P, and αS2-CN-11P); the β-CN B variant was associated with a greater proportion of isoforms with higher degrees of phosphorylation (αS1-CN-9P, αS2-CN-12P to αS2-CN-14P). The heritability estimates were low to moderate for relative concentrations of αS2-CN phosphorylation isoforms (0.07 to 0.32), high for relative concentrations of αS1-CN-8P (0.84) and αS1-CN-9P (0.56), and moderate for phosphorylation degrees of αS1-CN (0.37) and αS2-CN (0.23). Future studies investigating relations between the phosphorylation degree of αS-CN and technological properties of milk will be beneficial for the dairy industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5564-5577
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume100
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Keywords

  • Casein haplotype
  • French Montbéliarde
  • Genetic variant
  • Lactation stage

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