The gene encoding a short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase, AdhA, has been identified in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus, as part of an operon that encodes two glycosyl hydrolases, the -glucosidase CelB and the endoglucanase LamA. The adhA gene was functionally expressed in Escherichia coli, and AdhA was subsequently purified to homogeneity. The quaternary structure of AdhA is a dimer of identical 26-kDa subunits. AdhA is an NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase that converts alcohols to the corresponding aldehydes/ketones and vice versa, with a rather broad substrate specificity. Maximal specific activities were observed with 2-pentanol (46 U?mg1) and pyruvaldehyde (32 U?mg1) in the oxidative and reductive reaction, respectively. AdhA has an optimal activity at 90 °C, at which temperature it has a half life of 22.5 h. The expression of the adhA gene in P. furiosus was demonstrated by activity measurements and immunoblot analysis of cell extracts. A role of this novel type of archaeal alcohol dehydrogenase in carbohydrate fermentation is discussed.
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Alcohol dehydrogenase
- Pyrococcus furiosus