Septoria tritici blotch (STB) caused by Zymoseptoria tritici is one of the most important foliar diseases of wheat causing significant yield losses worldwide. In this study, a panel of bread wheat genotypes comprised 185 globally diverse genotypes were tested against 10 Z. tritici isolates at the seedling stage. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) using high-throughput DArTseq markers was performed and further gene expression analysis of significant markers trait association (MTAs) associated with resistance to STB was analyzed. Disease severity level showed significant differences among wheat genotypes for resistance to different Z. tritici isolates. We found novel landrace genotypes that showed highly resistance spectra to all tested isolates. GWAS analysis resulted in 19 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for resistance to STB that were located on 14 chromosomes. Overall, 14 QTLs were overlapped with previously known QTLs or resistance genes, as well as five potentially novel QTLs on chromosomes 1A, 4A, 5B, 5D, and 6D. Identified novel resistance sources and also novel QTLs for resistance to different Z. tritici isolates can be used for gene pyramiding and development of durable resistance cultivars in future wheat breeding programs.
- Zymoseptoria tritici