Multi-criteria decision models have been recently implemented in many urban flood risk management schemes due to the increasing demand of low-cost and reliable solutions to prevent and control overflow from sewer systems. Based on specific targets, these decision models encompass multiple reward (or objective) functions according to socio-economic requirements, vulnerability assessments and physical constraints on existing sewer systems. In this study, we present a simple algorithm to generalize reward functions aimed at locating the best sites to install in-sewer flow control devices, and thus controlling sewer overflow. The algorithm uses the mathematical structure of reward functions previously established, and adjust them based on hydraulic simulation results of two real sewer networks. Our results indicate that a single generalized reward function can efficiently identify strategic locations to guarantee (i) maximum in-sewer storage, (ii) minimum impact of possible flow control device failures and (iii) maximum flow discharge reduction upstream flood-prone urban areas.
- in-sewer flow control device
- multi-criteria decision models
- reward function
- sewer overflow
- Spearman rank correlation coefficient
- Urban flood control