General Laws and Centripetal Science

G.A.J.M. Jagers Op Akkerhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The large number of discoveries in the last few decades has caused a scientific crisis that is characterised by overspecialisation and compartmentalisation. To deal with this crisis, scientists look for integrating approaches, such as general laws and unifying theories. Representing what can be considered a general form law, the operator hierarchy is used here as a bridge between existing integrating approaches, including: a cosmic timeline, hierarchy and ontology, a periodic table of periodic tables, the unification of evolutionary processes, a general evolution concept, and general aspects of thermodynamics. At the end of the paper an inventory of unifying concepts is presented in the form of a cross table. The study ends with a discussion of major integrating principles in science.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S113-S144
JournalEuropean Review
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • lipid vesicles
  • evolution
  • thermodynamics
  • organization
  • systems
  • hierarchy
  • selection


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