Gender differences: the role of nature, nurture, social identity and self-organization

G.J. Hofstede, F. Dignum, R. Prada, J. Student, L. Vanhée

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes an agent-based model to investigate the origins of gender differences in social status. The agents’ basic behaviour is modelled according to Kemper’s sociological status-power theory. Differences in the socializing forces of the surrounding society are modelled using Hofstede’s dimensions of culture. Particulars of play behaviour are modelled using experimental child development studies from various cultures. The resulting model is presented and discussed. Social identity as a group of either non-gendered children, boys, or girls, seems a powerful force, multiplying the effect of biological differences. The model is actually general enough to be applicable to a wide range of social behaviours with minimal changes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMulti-Agent-Based Simulation XV
EditorsF. Grimaldo, E. Norling
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventMABS 2014, Paris, France -
Duration: 5 May 20146 May 2014

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)


ConferenceMABS 2014, Paris, France


  • Agent-based model
  • Aggression
  • Culture
  • Emergence
  • Gender
  • Rough-and-tumble
  • Self-organisation
  • Social identity
  • Status-power theory


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