G0/G1 switch gene-2 regulates human adipocyte lipolysis by affecting activity and localization of adipose triglyceride lipase

M. Schweiger, M. Paar, C. Eder, J. Brandis, E. Moser, G. Gorkiewisz, S. Grond, F.P.W. Radner, I. Cerk, I. Cornaciu, M. Oberer, A.H. Kersten, R. Zechner, M.B. Zimmermann, A. Lass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hydrolysis of triglycerides in adipocytes, termed lipolysis, provides free fatty acids as energy fuel. Murine lipolysis largely depends on the activity of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL)5, which is regulated by two proteins annotated as comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) and G0/G1 switch gene-2 (G0S2). CGI-58 activates and G0S2 inhibits ATGL activity. In contrast to mice, the functional role of G0S2 in human adipocyte lipolysis is poorly characterized. Here we show that overexpression or silencing of G0S2 in human SGBS adipocytes decreases and increases lipolysis, respectively. Human G0S2 is upregulated during adipocyte differentiation and inhibits ATGL activity in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, C-terminally truncated ATGL mutants, which fail to localize to lipid droplets, translocate to the lipid droplet upon coexpression with G0S2 suggesting that G0S2 anchors ATGL to lipid droplets independent of ATGL's C-terminal lipid binding domain. Taken together, our results indicate that G0S2 also regulates human lipolysis by affecting enzyme activity and intracellular localization of ATGL. Increased lipolysis is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and G0S2 expression has been shown to be reduced in poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients. Our data indicate that downregulation of G0S2 in adipose tissue could represent one of the underlying causes leading to increased lipolysis in the insulin-resistant state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2307-2317
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • hormone-sensitive lipase
  • chanarin-dorfman-syndrome
  • triacylglycerol catabolism
  • lysophosphatidic acid
  • messenger-rna
  • 2 g0s2
  • protein
  • tissue
  • cgi-58
  • disease

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