Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany

A. Görtz, S. Zühlke, M. Spiteller, U. Steiner, H.W. Dehne, C. Waalwijk, P.M. de Vries, E.C. Oerke

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Abstract

Abstract High year-to-year variability in the incidence of Fusarium spp. and mycotoxin contamination was observed in a two-year survey investigating the impact of maize ear rot in 84 field samples from Germany. Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, and F. proliferatum were the predominant species infecting maize kernels in 2006, whereas in 2007 the most frequently isolated species were F. graminearum, F. cerealis and F. subglutinans. Fourteen Fusariumrelated mycotoxins were detected as contaminants of maize kernels analyzed by a multi-mycotoxin determination method. In 2006, a growth season characterized by high temperature and low rainfall during anthesis and early grain filling, 75% of the maize samples were contaminated with deoxynivalenol, 34% with fumonisins and 27% with zearalenone. In 2007, characterized by moderate temperatures and frequent rainfall during the entire growth season, none of the 40 maize samples had quantifiable levels of fumonisins while deoxynivalenol and zearalenone were detected in 90% and 93% of the fields, respectively. In addition, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxnivalenol, moniliformin, beauvericin, nivalenol and enniatin B were detected as common contaminants produced in both growing seasons. The results demonstrate a significant mycotoxin contamination associated with maize ear rots in Germany and indicate, with regard to anticipated climate change, that fumonisins-producing species already present in German maize production may become more important. Keywords Deoxynivalenol . Ear rot . F. verticillioides . F. graminearum . Fumonisin . Zearalenone
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-111
JournalEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume128
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

mycotoxins
Fusarium
fumonisins
ear rot
Germany
zearalenone
deoxynivalenol
corn
corn ears
3-acetyldeoxynivalenol
rain
Fusarium proliferatum
nivalenol
Fusarium graminearum
seeds
filling period
sampling
temperature
growing season
climate change

Keywords

  • ear rot
  • fumonisin b-1
  • pcr-detection
  • proliferatum
  • assay
  • corn
  • gene
  • verticillioides
  • identification
  • contamination

Cite this

Görtz, A., Zühlke, S., Spiteller, M., Steiner, U., Dehne, H. W., Waalwijk, C., ... Oerke, E. C. (2010). Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 128(1), 101-111. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-010-9634-9
Görtz, A. ; Zühlke, S. ; Spiteller, M. ; Steiner, U. ; Dehne, H.W. ; Waalwijk, C. ; de Vries, P.M. ; Oerke, E.C. / Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany. In: European Journal of Plant Pathology. 2010 ; Vol. 128, No. 1. pp. 101-111.
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abstract = "Abstract High year-to-year variability in the incidence of Fusarium spp. and mycotoxin contamination was observed in a two-year survey investigating the impact of maize ear rot in 84 field samples from Germany. Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, and F. proliferatum were the predominant species infecting maize kernels in 2006, whereas in 2007 the most frequently isolated species were F. graminearum, F. cerealis and F. subglutinans. Fourteen Fusariumrelated mycotoxins were detected as contaminants of maize kernels analyzed by a multi-mycotoxin determination method. In 2006, a growth season characterized by high temperature and low rainfall during anthesis and early grain filling, 75{\%} of the maize samples were contaminated with deoxynivalenol, 34{\%} with fumonisins and 27{\%} with zearalenone. In 2007, characterized by moderate temperatures and frequent rainfall during the entire growth season, none of the 40 maize samples had quantifiable levels of fumonisins while deoxynivalenol and zearalenone were detected in 90{\%} and 93{\%} of the fields, respectively. In addition, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxnivalenol, moniliformin, beauvericin, nivalenol and enniatin B were detected as common contaminants produced in both growing seasons. The results demonstrate a significant mycotoxin contamination associated with maize ear rots in Germany and indicate, with regard to anticipated climate change, that fumonisins-producing species already present in German maize production may become more important. Keywords Deoxynivalenol . Ear rot . F. verticillioides . F. graminearum . Fumonisin . Zearalenone",
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Görtz, A, Zühlke, S, Spiteller, M, Steiner, U, Dehne, HW, Waalwijk, C, de Vries, PM & Oerke, EC 2010, 'Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany', European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 101-111. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-010-9634-9

Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany. / Görtz, A.; Zühlke, S.; Spiteller, M.; Steiner, U.; Dehne, H.W.; Waalwijk, C.; de Vries, P.M.; Oerke, E.C.

In: European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 128, No. 1, 2010, p. 101-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fusarium species and mycotoxin profiles on commercial maize hybrids in Germany

AU - Görtz, A.

AU - Zühlke, S.

AU - Spiteller, M.

AU - Steiner, U.

AU - Dehne, H.W.

AU - Waalwijk, C.

AU - de Vries, P.M.

AU - Oerke, E.C.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Abstract High year-to-year variability in the incidence of Fusarium spp. and mycotoxin contamination was observed in a two-year survey investigating the impact of maize ear rot in 84 field samples from Germany. Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, and F. proliferatum were the predominant species infecting maize kernels in 2006, whereas in 2007 the most frequently isolated species were F. graminearum, F. cerealis and F. subglutinans. Fourteen Fusariumrelated mycotoxins were detected as contaminants of maize kernels analyzed by a multi-mycotoxin determination method. In 2006, a growth season characterized by high temperature and low rainfall during anthesis and early grain filling, 75% of the maize samples were contaminated with deoxynivalenol, 34% with fumonisins and 27% with zearalenone. In 2007, characterized by moderate temperatures and frequent rainfall during the entire growth season, none of the 40 maize samples had quantifiable levels of fumonisins while deoxynivalenol and zearalenone were detected in 90% and 93% of the fields, respectively. In addition, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxnivalenol, moniliformin, beauvericin, nivalenol and enniatin B were detected as common contaminants produced in both growing seasons. The results demonstrate a significant mycotoxin contamination associated with maize ear rots in Germany and indicate, with regard to anticipated climate change, that fumonisins-producing species already present in German maize production may become more important. Keywords Deoxynivalenol . Ear rot . F. verticillioides . F. graminearum . Fumonisin . Zearalenone

AB - Abstract High year-to-year variability in the incidence of Fusarium spp. and mycotoxin contamination was observed in a two-year survey investigating the impact of maize ear rot in 84 field samples from Germany. Fusarium verticillioides, F. graminearum, and F. proliferatum were the predominant species infecting maize kernels in 2006, whereas in 2007 the most frequently isolated species were F. graminearum, F. cerealis and F. subglutinans. Fourteen Fusariumrelated mycotoxins were detected as contaminants of maize kernels analyzed by a multi-mycotoxin determination method. In 2006, a growth season characterized by high temperature and low rainfall during anthesis and early grain filling, 75% of the maize samples were contaminated with deoxynivalenol, 34% with fumonisins and 27% with zearalenone. In 2007, characterized by moderate temperatures and frequent rainfall during the entire growth season, none of the 40 maize samples had quantifiable levels of fumonisins while deoxynivalenol and zearalenone were detected in 90% and 93% of the fields, respectively. In addition, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, 15-acetyldeoxnivalenol, moniliformin, beauvericin, nivalenol and enniatin B were detected as common contaminants produced in both growing seasons. The results demonstrate a significant mycotoxin contamination associated with maize ear rots in Germany and indicate, with regard to anticipated climate change, that fumonisins-producing species already present in German maize production may become more important. Keywords Deoxynivalenol . Ear rot . F. verticillioides . F. graminearum . Fumonisin . Zearalenone

KW - ear rot

KW - fumonisin b-1

KW - pcr-detection

KW - proliferatum

KW - assay

KW - corn

KW - gene

KW - verticillioides

KW - identification

KW - contamination

U2 - 10.1007/s10658-010-9634-9

DO - 10.1007/s10658-010-9634-9

M3 - Article

VL - 128

SP - 101

EP - 111

JO - European Journal of Plant Pathology

JF - European Journal of Plant Pathology

SN - 0929-1873

IS - 1

ER -