Fungal xylanolytic enzymes: Diversity and applications

Xinxin Li, Adiphol Dilokpimol, Mirjam A. Kabel, Ronald P. de Vries*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As important polysaccharide degraders in nature, fungi can diversify their extensive set of carbohydrate-active enzymes to survive in ecological habitats of various composition. Among these enzymes, xylanolytic ones can efficiently and sustainably degrade xylans into (fermentable) monosaccharides to produce valuable chemicals or fuels from, for example relevant for upgrading agro-food industrial side streams. Moreover, xylanolytic enzymes are being used in various industrial applications beyond biomass saccharification, e.g. food, animal feed, biofuel, pulp and paper. As a reference for researchers working in related areas, this review summarized the current knowledge on substrate specificity of xylanolytic enzymes from different families of the Carbohydrate-Active enZyme database. Additionally, the diversity of enzyme sets in fungi were discussed by comparing the number of genes encoding xylanolytic enzymes in selected fungal genomes. Finally, to support bio-economy, the current applications of fungal xylanolytic enzymes in industry were reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126290
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume344
Issue numberPart B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Genome comparison
  • Genome mining
  • Industrial application
  • Substrate specificity
  • Xylanolytic enzymes

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