Functionality of selected strains of moulds and yeasts from Vietnamese rice wine starters

N.T.P. Dung, F.M. Rombouts, M.J.R. Nout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of starch-degrading mycelial fungi, and the alcohol production and ethanol tolerance of the yeasts isolated from selected Vietnamese traditional rice wine starters were examined, and optimum conditions for these essential steps in rice wine fermentation were determined. Of pure isolates from Vietnamese rice wine starters, mould strains identified as Amylomyces rouxii, Amylomyces aff. rouxii, Rhizopus oligosporus and Rhizopus oryzae, were superior in starch degradation, glucose production and amyloglucosidase activity during the saccharification of purple glutinous rice. A. rouxii was able to produce up to 25%w/w glucose with an amyloglucosidase activity up to 0.6 U g-1 of fermented moulded mass. Five yeast isolates identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae were selected for their superior alcohol productivity. They were able to deplete a relatively high initial percentage of glucose (20% w/v), forming 8.8% w/v ethanol. The ethanol tolerance of S. cerevisiae in challenge tests was 9-10% w/v, and 13.4% w/v as measured in fed-batch fermentations. Optimum conditions for the saccharification were: incubation for 2 d at 34°C, of steamed rice inoculated with 5 log cfu g-1; for the alcoholic fermentation 4 d at 28.3°C, of saccharified rice liquid inoculated with 5.5 log cfu mL-1
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-340
JournalFood Microbiology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • starch
  • ethanol

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