Function of chikungunya virus structural proteins

Stefan W. Metz, Gorben P. Pijlman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) belongs to the genus Alphavirus (within the family Togaviridae), which includes over 29 species that may cause encephalitis, febrile illness, and arthralgia in humans. CHIKV has a single-stranded, positive sense RNA genome of approximately 12 kb in length, although some size variation exists between different lineages. The icosahedral virions have a diameter of 60-70 nm and consist of a nucleocapsid enveloped by a host-derived phospholipid membrane. The viral structural polyprotein is translated from a ~5 kb subgenomic mRNA and is co- and post-translationally cleaved into capsid protein (C), two major envelope glycoproteins (E1, E2), and three smaller accessory proteins (E3, 6K, and the transframe protein TF). Together, the structural proteins encapsidate the viral genomic RNA to form the viral progeny. The different functions of the individual CHIKV structural proteins in virion assembly, egress, binding, and fusion are reviewed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChikungunya Virus
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Biology, Pathogenesis, and Treatment
EditorsC.M. Okeoma
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages63-74
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9783319429588
ISBN (Print)9783319429564
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2016

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • 6K
  • Budding
  • Capsid
  • Chikungunya
  • Core
  • E1
  • E2
  • E3
  • Encapsidation
  • Fusion
  • Glycoprotein
  • Receptor binding
  • RNA binding
  • Structural proteins
  • TF
  • Transframe protein
  • Virion assembly

Cite this

Metz, S. W., & Pijlman, G. P. (2016). Function of chikungunya virus structural proteins. In C. M. Okeoma (Ed.), Chikungunya Virus: Advances in Biology, Pathogenesis, and Treatment (pp. 63-74). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-42958-8_5