Interventions: During 4 weeks 24 volunteers consumed a standardised meal, consisting of 500 g/day fruit and vegetables and 200 ml/day fruit juice ('high' group) and 23 volunteers consumed 100 g/day fruit and vegetables ('low' group) with an energy and fat controlled diet. Results: Final total cholesterol was 0.2 (95I-0.5-0.03) mmol/l lower in the high group than in the low group (P>0.05). Final fibrinogen and systolic blood pressure were 0.1 (-0.1-0.4) g/l and 2.8 (-2.6-8.1) mmHg higher in the high group than in the low group (P>0.05), respectively. Also, other final serum lipid concentrations, diastolic blood pressure and other haemostatic factors did not differ between both groups. Conclusions: This was a small randomised well-controlled dietary intervention trial of short duration with a considerable contrast in fruit and vegetable consumption. No effects on serum lipids, blood pressure and haemostatic variables were observed.
Broekmans, W. M. R., Klopping-Ketelaars, W. A., Klurft, C., van den Berg, H., Kok, F. J., & van Poppel, G. (2001). Fruits and vegetables and cardiovascular risk profile: a diet controlled intervention study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 55, 636-642. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601192