Fruit and vegetable intakes and subsequent changes in body weight in European populations: results from the project on Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DiOGenes)

B. Buijsse, E.J.M. Feskens, M.B. Schulze, N.G. Forouchi, N. Wareham, S. Sharp, D. Palli, G. Tognon, J. Halkjaer, A. Tjonneland, M.U. Jakobsen, K. Overvad, A.D. van der A, H. Du, T. Sorensen, H. Boeing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: High fruit and vegetable intakes may limit weight gain, particularly in susceptible persons, such as those who stop smoking. Objective: The objective was to assess the association of fruit and vegetable intake with subsequent weight change in a large-scale prospective study. Design: The data used were from 89,432 men and women from 5 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). The association between fruit and vegetable intake and weight change after a mean follow-up of 6.5 y was assessed by linear regression. Polytomous logistic regression was used to evaluate whether fruit and vegetable intake relates to weight gain, weight loss, or both. Results: Per 100-g intake of fruit and vegetables, weight change was –14 g/y (95% CI: –19, –9 g/y). In those who stopped smoking during follow-up, this value was –37 g/y (95% CI: –58, –15 g/y; P for interaction <0.0001). When weight gain and loss were analyzed separately per 100-g intake of fruit and vegetables in a combined model, the odds ratios (95% CIs) were 0.97 (0.95, 0.98) for weight gain 0.5 and
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-209
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • food-intake patterns
  • epic-potsdam cohort
  • mass index
  • waist circumference
  • smoking cessation
  • blood-pressure
  • high-fiber
  • women
  • nutrition
  • cancer

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