From Schelling to Spatially Explicit Modeling of Urban Ethnic and Economic Residential Dynamics

I. Benenson, E. Hatna, E. Or

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The robustness of outcomes to the parameterization of behavioral rules is a crucial property of any model aimed at simulating complex human systems. Schelling model of residential segregation satisfies this criterion. Based on the recently available high-resolution census GIS, we apply Schelling model for investigating urban population patterns at the resolution of individual buildings and families. First, we simulate ethnic residential dynamics in Yaffo (an area of Tel Aviv), and demonstrate good quantitative correspondence for a 40-year period. Second, we investigate income-based residential patterns in nine Israeli cities, reveal their high heterogeneity, and explain the latter by the presence of low fraction of wealthier householders who are tolerant of their poorer neighbors and reside in their proximity. We extend Schelling model in this direction and demonstrate qualitative correspondence between the model's outcomes and the observed income-based residential patterns
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-497
JournalSociological Methods & Research
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • group decision-making
  • self-organizing city
  • cellular-automata
  • implicit markets
  • neighborhood
  • segregation
  • aggregation
  • preferences
  • systems
  • choice

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