De la paire de bottes à la paire de bases: de l'intérêt d'étudier l'écologie des viromes de plantes

Translated title of the contribution: From boots on the ground to nucleotides in the sequencer: A century of advances in the study of the plant virus ecology

Francois MacLot, Thierry Candresse, Denis Filloux, Philippe Rott, Carolyn Malmstrom, René Van Der Vlugt, Sébastien Massart, Philippe Roumagnac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Plant virus ecology began to be explored at the end of the 19th century. Since then, major advances have revealed complex virus-host-vector interactions in a variety of environments. These advances have been accelerated by development of new technologies for virus detection and characterization, the latest of which being high-throughput sequencing (HTS). HTS technologies have proved to be effective for non-targeted characterization of all or nearly all viruses present in a sample without requiring prior information about virus identity, as would be needed for virus-targeted tests. Phytoviromic studies have thus made important advances, including characterization of the complex interactions between phytovirus dynamics and the structure of multi-species host communities, and documentation of the effects of anthropogenic ecosystem simplification on plant virus emergence and diversity. However, such studies must overcome challenges at every stage, from plant sampling to bioinformatics analysis. This review summarizes major advances in plant virus ecology, in association with technological developments, and presents key considerations for use of HTS in the study of the ecology of phytovirus communities.

Translated title of the contributionFrom boots on the ground to nucleotides in the sequencer: A century of advances in the study of the plant virus ecology
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)29-42
Number of pages14
JournalVirologie
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 2021

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