Formulas for activity coefficients of individual ions

C.J. Ritsema, F. Bloemer

    Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


    For chemical calculations with gaseous equilibria and for non-ionic reactions in solution one can calculate in terms of concentrations to a fairly good approximation. However, in dealing with ionic reactions, with certain aspects of kinetics in solution, and with elcetromotive force studies, substitutiion of concentrations for activities is frequently not possible. For this reason it is essential to consider how ionic concentrations can be converted to activities
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationWageningen
    Number of pages34
    Publication statusPublished - 1986

    Publication series

    NameNota / Instituut voor Cultuurtechniek en Waterhuishouding


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