Forest dynamics, SILVI-STAR : a comprehensive monitoring system

H. Koop

    Research output: Thesisexternal PhD, WU

    Abstract

    <p>To learn about the interactions between individual trees and between trees and other forest organisms, long-term monitoring of spontaneous forest development is necessary. A complete monitoring system has been developed including a computer package for analysis of long-term forest dynamics observations. A method of nested plot data collection on forest architecture and plant species composition has been worked out for monitoring purposes. The spatial and temporal relations between data are numerically expressed. Therefore a three-dimensional single-tree architectural model has been worked out to describe asymmetric tree shapes with a minimum of measured data points. Time series of forest development at different sites are built up on the basis of a digital descriptive model of the complex reality of forest structure and species composition.</p><p>To guarantee continuity in data storage and data query a commercially available database and a geographical information system were used in the design of the information system. A visual interpretation of data is enabled by graphical system outputs such as profiles and ground plans of tree crown projections, providing substitutes for traditional profile drawings and maps. Application programs were developed to solve specific problems, as a step towards predictive models. In an application program, for integration with remote sensing studies, an aerial view of the forest canopy is simulated on the basis of measured plot data. This view provides a ground-truth reference for the training and interpretation of remote sensing images. To explain the growth of individual trees and the distribution patterns of herbs and tree regeneration on the forest floor, another application was developed, simulating the penetration of direct and of diffuse light. For the reconstruction of forest growth with tree ring data, a technique of animation was elaborated facilitating a visual interpretation of the forest development. The system is applied to demonstrate forest development in some European forest reserves using forest architectural descriptions and vegetation releves, tree ring data and historical sources.</p>
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Oldeman, R.A.A., Promotor
    Award date26 Sep 1989
    Place of PublicationS.l.
    Publisher
    Print ISBNs9783540515777
    Publication statusPublished - 1989

    Keywords

    • forestry
    • plant ecology
    • trees
    • autecology
    • habit
    • life form
    • plant development
    • growth models
    • increment
    • forecasting
    • synecology
    • measurement
    • experiments
    • statistics
    • simulation
    • models
    • research
    • stand structure
    • stand development
    • natural stands
    • cum laude

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