Foot-and-Mouth Disease Seroprevalence in Cattle in Eritrea

T. Tekleghiorghis, K. Weerdmeester, Froukje van Hemert-Kluitenberg, R.J.M. Moormann, Aldo Dekker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Information about seroprevalence of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and virus serotypes in Eritrea is unavailable, but is very important as it may guide the choice of intervention measures including vaccination to be implemented. We carried out a cross-sectional study from February to June 2011 in Eritrea with a two-stage cluster design, sampling cattle in 155 villages with the objective of determining the seroprevalence of FMD in four administrative regions of the country. We analysed cattle sera (n = 2429) for FMD virus antibodies using the non-structural ELISA (NS ELISA) and virus neutralization test (VNT). The overall seroprevalence was 26% and 30% for the NS ELISA and VNT, respectively. FMD virus serotypes O (14%) and A (11%) were the most prevalent. Gash Barka showed the highest (39%) seroprevalence both in NS ELISA and VNT compared to the other three administrative regions. Strategic FMD virus vaccination with type O and A (matching circulating strains) in combination of zoo-sanitary measures would be the best control option for Eritrea which could be started in areas where the disease is less endemic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-763
JournalTransboundary and Emerging Diseases
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Administrative regions
  • Eritrea
  • Foot-and-mouth disease virus
  • Seroprevalence
  • Serotypes
  • Vaccination

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