Food systems for healthier diets in Ethiopia: toward a research agenda

Mestawet Gebru, Roseline Remans, Inge Brouwer, Kaleab Baye, M.B. Melesse, Namukolo Covic, Fekadu Habtamu, Alem Hadera Abay, Tesfaye Hailu, Kalle Hirvonen, Tarik Kassaye, Gina Kennedy, Carl Lachat, Ferew Lemma, John McDermott, Bart Minten, Tibebu Moges, Fidaku Reta, Eneye Tadesse, Tamene Taye & 2 others Ursula Truebswasser, Marrit van den Berg

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

Abstract

While dietary energy supply has improved, diets in Ethiopia remain low in diversity and provide insufficient amounts of protein, vitamin A, and zinc. Poor dietary quality contributes to the multiple burden of malnutrition in the country, with 38% stunting among children under five years and 24% anemia and 8% overweight among adult women.
Recent Ethiopian government policies and programs call for sustainable food systems approaches aimed at achieving better nutrition for all. Such food systems approaches imply actions that include but also go beyond agriculture to consider the many processes and actors involved in food production, processing, storage, transportation, trade, transformation, retailing, and consumption.
In this paper, we identify research streams to support the operationalizing of such food systems approaches in Ethiopia. To this end, we engaged with stakeholders, reviewed the literature, and applied a food systems framework to research priorities in the Ethiopian context. We develop an initial food systems profile of Ethiopia and identify 25 priority research questions, categorized into three main areas. A first area focuses on diagnosis and foresight research, for example, to further characterize dietary gaps and transitions in the context of the variety of Ethiopian settings, and to understand and anticipate which food system dynamics contribute positively or negatively to those trends. A second area includes implementation research and focuses on building a base of evidence on the dietary impact of combined demand-, market-, and supply-side interventions/innovations that focus on nonstaples; potential trade-offs in terms of economic, social, and environmental outcomes; and interactions between food system actors. A third area focuses on institutional and policy processes and explores enabling factors and private or public anchors that can take food systems approaches for healthier diets to a regional or national scale.
The paper contextualizes the case of Ethiopia within global food systems thinking and thereby aims to stimulate in- and cross-country learning.
LanguageEnglish
PublisherInternational Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Number of pages51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameIFPRI Discussion Paper
No.01720

Fingerprint

healthy diet
Ethiopia
governmental programs and projects
environmental economics
nutritional adequacy
food production
stakeholders
malnutrition
anemia
growth retardation
vitamin A
socioeconomics
learning
zinc
nutrition
agriculture
markets
energy
diet
proteins

Keywords

  • Ethiopia
  • food systems
  • dietary diversity
  • nutrition

Cite this

Gebru, M., Remans, R., Brouwer, I., Baye, K., Melesse, M. B., Covic, N., ... van den Berg, M. (2018). Food systems for healthier diets in Ethiopia: toward a research agenda. (IFPRI Discussion Paper; No. 01720). International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). https://doi.org/10.2499/1032568455
Gebru, Mestawet ; Remans, Roseline ; Brouwer, Inge ; Baye, Kaleab ; Melesse, M.B. ; Covic, Namukolo ; Habtamu, Fekadu ; Abay, Alem Hadera ; Hailu, Tesfaye ; Hirvonen, Kalle ; Kassaye, Tarik ; Kennedy, Gina ; Lachat, Carl ; Lemma, Ferew ; McDermott, John ; Minten, Bart ; Moges, Tibebu ; Reta, Fidaku ; Tadesse, Eneye ; Taye, Tamene ; Truebswasser, Ursula ; van den Berg, Marrit. / Food systems for healthier diets in Ethiopia : toward a research agenda. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 2018. (IFPRI Discussion Paper; 01720).
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Gebru, M, Remans, R, Brouwer, I, Baye, K, Melesse, MB, Covic, N, Habtamu, F, Abay, AH, Hailu, T, Hirvonen, K, Kassaye, T, Kennedy, G, Lachat, C, Lemma, F, McDermott, J, Minten, B, Moges, T, Reta, F, Tadesse, E, Taye, T, Truebswasser, U & van den Berg, M 2018 'Food systems for healthier diets in Ethiopia: toward a research agenda' IFPRI Discussion Paper, no. 01720, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). https://doi.org/10.2499/1032568455

Food systems for healthier diets in Ethiopia : toward a research agenda. / Gebru, Mestawet; Remans, Roseline; Brouwer, Inge; Baye, Kaleab; Melesse, M.B.; Covic, Namukolo ; Habtamu, Fekadu; Abay, Alem Hadera; Hailu, Tesfaye; Hirvonen, Kalle; Kassaye, Tarik; Kennedy, Gina; Lachat, Carl; Lemma, Ferew; McDermott, John; Minten, Bart; Moges, Tibebu; Reta, Fidaku; Tadesse, Eneye; Taye, Tamene; Truebswasser, Ursula; van den Berg, Marrit.

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 2018. (IFPRI Discussion Paper; No. 01720).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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T2 - toward a research agenda

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AU - Remans, Roseline

AU - Brouwer, Inge

AU - Baye, Kaleab

AU - Melesse, M.B.

AU - Covic, Namukolo

AU - Habtamu, Fekadu

AU - Abay, Alem Hadera

AU - Hailu, Tesfaye

AU - Hirvonen, Kalle

AU - Kassaye, Tarik

AU - Kennedy, Gina

AU - Lachat, Carl

AU - Lemma, Ferew

AU - McDermott, John

AU - Minten, Bart

AU - Moges, Tibebu

AU - Reta, Fidaku

AU - Tadesse, Eneye

AU - Taye, Tamene

AU - Truebswasser, Ursula

AU - van den Berg, Marrit

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N2 - While dietary energy supply has improved, diets in Ethiopia remain low in diversity and provide insufficient amounts of protein, vitamin A, and zinc. Poor dietary quality contributes to the multiple burden of malnutrition in the country, with 38% stunting among children under five years and 24% anemia and 8% overweight among adult women.Recent Ethiopian government policies and programs call for sustainable food systems approaches aimed at achieving better nutrition for all. Such food systems approaches imply actions that include but also go beyond agriculture to consider the many processes and actors involved in food production, processing, storage, transportation, trade, transformation, retailing, and consumption.In this paper, we identify research streams to support the operationalizing of such food systems approaches in Ethiopia. To this end, we engaged with stakeholders, reviewed the literature, and applied a food systems framework to research priorities in the Ethiopian context. We develop an initial food systems profile of Ethiopia and identify 25 priority research questions, categorized into three main areas. A first area focuses on diagnosis and foresight research, for example, to further characterize dietary gaps and transitions in the context of the variety of Ethiopian settings, and to understand and anticipate which food system dynamics contribute positively or negatively to those trends. A second area includes implementation research and focuses on building a base of evidence on the dietary impact of combined demand-, market-, and supply-side interventions/innovations that focus on nonstaples; potential trade-offs in terms of economic, social, and environmental outcomes; and interactions between food system actors. A third area focuses on institutional and policy processes and explores enabling factors and private or public anchors that can take food systems approaches for healthier diets to a regional or national scale.The paper contextualizes the case of Ethiopia within global food systems thinking and thereby aims to stimulate in- and cross-country learning.

AB - While dietary energy supply has improved, diets in Ethiopia remain low in diversity and provide insufficient amounts of protein, vitamin A, and zinc. Poor dietary quality contributes to the multiple burden of malnutrition in the country, with 38% stunting among children under five years and 24% anemia and 8% overweight among adult women.Recent Ethiopian government policies and programs call for sustainable food systems approaches aimed at achieving better nutrition for all. Such food systems approaches imply actions that include but also go beyond agriculture to consider the many processes and actors involved in food production, processing, storage, transportation, trade, transformation, retailing, and consumption.In this paper, we identify research streams to support the operationalizing of such food systems approaches in Ethiopia. To this end, we engaged with stakeholders, reviewed the literature, and applied a food systems framework to research priorities in the Ethiopian context. We develop an initial food systems profile of Ethiopia and identify 25 priority research questions, categorized into three main areas. A first area focuses on diagnosis and foresight research, for example, to further characterize dietary gaps and transitions in the context of the variety of Ethiopian settings, and to understand and anticipate which food system dynamics contribute positively or negatively to those trends. A second area includes implementation research and focuses on building a base of evidence on the dietary impact of combined demand-, market-, and supply-side interventions/innovations that focus on nonstaples; potential trade-offs in terms of economic, social, and environmental outcomes; and interactions between food system actors. A third area focuses on institutional and policy processes and explores enabling factors and private or public anchors that can take food systems approaches for healthier diets to a regional or national scale.The paper contextualizes the case of Ethiopia within global food systems thinking and thereby aims to stimulate in- and cross-country learning.

KW - Ethiopia

KW - food systems

KW - dietary diversity

KW - nutrition

U2 - 10.2499/1032568455

DO - 10.2499/1032568455

M3 - Discussion paper

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BT - Food systems for healthier diets in Ethiopia

PB - International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

ER -

Gebru M, Remans R, Brouwer I, Baye K, Melesse MB, Covic N et al. Food systems for healthier diets in Ethiopia: toward a research agenda. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). 2018 Apr 25. (IFPRI Discussion Paper; 01720). https://doi.org/10.2499/1032568455