This booklet provides a summary of two publications, the Food Monitor 2016 (Voedsel-Economisch Bericht) and Sustainability and income development of the primary agricultural sector 2016 (Duurzaamheid en inkomens in de land- en tuinbouw). Both publications have been commissioned by the Ministry of Economic Affairs. The Food Monitor is the successor to the Annual Agricultural Report and offers a global survey of the Dutch food economy. Attention is paid to the development of the agricultural complex, the food industry, the retail chain and the consumption of food. Based on the Sustainability and income development of the primary agricultural sector report, this booklet then proceeds to describe the production structure in the primary agricultural sector, profitability and income formation as well as the environmental performance of the agricultural sector. The full versions of both publications (in Dutch) are available online via www.agrofoodportal.com. Part of the information on this website is also available in English.