Flux estimates of isoprene, methanol and acetone from airborne PTR-MS measurements over the tropical rainforest during the GABRIEL 2005 campaign

G. Eerdekens, L.N. Ganzeveld, J. Vilà-Guerau de Arellano, T. Klüpfel, V. Sinha

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Abstract

Tropical forests are a strong source of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) to the atmosphere which can potentially impact the atmospheric oxidation capacity. Here we present airborne and ground-based BVOC measurements representative for the long dry season covering a large area of the northern Amazonian rainforest (6-3° N, 50-59° W). The measurements were conducted during the October 2005 GABRIEL (Guyanas Atmosphere-Biosphere exchange and Radicals Intensive Experiment with the Learjet) campaign. The vertical (35 m to 10 km) and diurnal (09:00-16:00) profiles of isoprene, its oxidation products methacrolein and methyl vinyl ketone and methanol and acetone, measured by PTR-MS (Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry), have been used to empirically estimate their emission fluxes from the forest canopy on a regional scale. The mixed layer isoprene emission flux, inferred from the airborne measurements above 300 m, is 5.7 mg isoprene m-2 h-1 after compensating for chemistry and ~6.9 mg isoprene m-2 h-1 taking detrainment into account. This surface flux is in general agreement with previous tropical forest studies. Inferred methanol and acetone emission fluxes are 0.5 mg methanol m¿2 h¿1 and 0.35 mg acetone m-2 h-1, respectively. The BVOC measurements were compared with fluxes and mixing ratios simulated with a single-column chemistry and climate model (SCM). The inferred isoprene flux is substantially smaller than that simulated with an implementation of a commonly applied BVOC emission algorithm in the SCM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4207-4227
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Keywords

  • volatile organic-compounds
  • methyl vinyl ketone
  • reaction mass-spectrometry
  • convective boundary-layer
  • general-circulation model
  • chemistry-climate model
  • atmospheric chemistry
  • shallow cumulus
  • initiated oxidation
  • monoterpene fluxes

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