Flowering time genes branching out

Pierangela Colleoni, Sam van Es, Ton Winkelmolen, Richard Immink, Wilma van Esse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Plants are sessile by nature, and as such they have evolved to sense changes in seasonality and their surrounding environment, and adapt to these changes. One prime example of this is the regulation of flowering time in angiosperms, which is precisely timed by the coordinated action of two proteins: FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1). Both of these regulators are members of the PHOSPHATIDYLETHANOLAMINE BINDING PROTEIN (PEBP) family of proteins. These regulatory proteins do not interact with DNA themselves, but instead interact with transcriptional regulators, such as FLOWERING LOCUS D (FD). FT and TFL1 were initially identified as key regulators of flowering time, acting through binding with FD; however, PEBP family members are also involved in shaping plant architecture and development. In addition, PEBPs can interact with TCP transcriptional regulators, such as TEOSINTE BRANCHED 1 (TB1), a well-known regulator of plant architecture, and key domestication-related genes in many crops. Here, we review the role of PEBPs in flowering time, plant architecture, and development. As these are also key yield-related traits, we highlight examples from the model plant Arabidopsis as well as important food and feed crops such as, rice, barley, wheat, tomato, and potato.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbererae112
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Mar 2024


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