Flavor compounds of popped amaranth seeds

T.H. Gamel, J.P.H. Linssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Amaranth caudatus seeds were popped and studied for optimal popping conditions and flavor compounds. The optimum popping temperature for the seeds was 180C. At this temperature, the expansion volume, flake size and unpopped kernel proportion were 9.4¿11.3 cm3/g, 0.010¿0.012 cm/g and 10¿2%, respectively. Flavor compounds of raw and popped seed flour were isolated with a dynamic headspace procedure and were analyzed and identified by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The main volatile compounds of raw seeds were 2, 4-dimethyl-1-heptene, 4-methylheptane, branched C11. H24 alkane and dodecene C12. H24 isomer. Those compounds represented about 70% of the total volatile compounds of the raw seeds. Most of the volatiles identified in popped seeds were aldehydes formed by Strecker degradation including 2-methylpropanal, 3-methylbutanal, 2-methylbutanal and phenylacetaldehyde. Also, alkylpyrazines such as methylpyrazine, vinylpyrazine, 2,5-dimethylptrazine and 3-ethyl-2, 5-dimethylpyrazine were found. These compounds could be characterized as cornlike, nutty, hazelnutty and having roasty odors, and they were not present in the raw seeds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-668
JournalJournal of Food Processing and Preservation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • nutritional quality
  • grain amaranth
  • chemical-composition
  • sensory properties
  • amino-acid
  • protein
  • popcorn
  • food
  • oil

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