Flavin dependent monooxygenases

M.M.E. Huijbers, S. Montersino, A.H. Westphal, D. Tischler, W.J.H. van Berkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

273 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flavin-dependent monooxygenases catalyze a wide variety of chemo-, regio- and enantioselective oxygenation reactions. As such, they are involved in key biological processes ranging from catabolism, detoxification and biosynthesis, to light emission and axon guidance. Based on fold and function, flavin-dependent monooxygenases can be distributed into eight groups. Groups A and B comprise enzymes that rely on NAD(P)H as external electron donor. Groups C–F are two-protein systems, composed of a monooxygenase and a flavin reductase. Groups G and H comprise internal monooxygenases that reduce the flavin cofactor through substrate oxidation. Recently, many new flavin-dependent monooxygenases have been discovered. In addition to posing basic enzymological questions, these proteins attract attention of pharmaceutical and fine-chemical industries, given their importance as regio- and enantioselective biocatalysts. In this review we present an update of the classification of flavin-dependent monooxygenases and summarize the latest advances in our understanding of their catalytic and structural properties
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-17
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume544
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • flavoprotein tryptophan 2-monooxygenase
  • baeyer-villiger monooxygenases
  • site-directed mutagenesis
  • p-hydroxyphenylacetate 3-hydroxylase
  • para-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase
  • sphingobium-xenophagum bayram
  • l-phenylalanine oxidase
  • l-lactate monooxygenase
  • rh

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