Fish consumption and markers of colorectal cancer risk: a multicenter randomized controlled trial.

G.K. Pot, G. Majsak-Newman, A. Geelen, L. Harvey, F.M. Nagengast, B.J.M. Witteman, P.C. van de Meeberg, R. Timmer, A. Tan, P.J. Wahab, A.R. Hart, M.P. Williams, K. Przybylska-Philips, J.R. Dainty, G. Schaafsma, E. Kampman, E.K. Lund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diet is a major factor in the etiology of colorectal cancer, with high fish consumption possibly decreasing colorectal cancer risk, as was shown in several observational studies. To date, no intervention trials have examined the possible beneficial effects of fish intake on colorectal cancer risk. Objective: The objective was to investigate the effects of a 6-mo intervention with oil-rich or lean fish on apoptosis and mitosis within the colonic crypt. Design: In a multicenter, randomized, controlled intervention trial, patients with colorectal polyps, inactive ulcerative colitis, or no macroscopic signs of disease were recruited (n = 242) and randomly allocated to receive dietary advice plus either 300 g oil-rich fish (salmon) per week (n = 82), 300 g lean fish (cod) per week (n = 78), or only dietary advice (DA) (n = 82). Apoptosis and mitosis were measured in colonic biopsy samples collected before and after intervention (n = 213). Results: The total number of apoptotic cells per crypt did not increase in the salmon or cod group: –0.10 (95% CI: –0.36, 0.16) and –0.06 (95% CI: –0.32, 0.20), respectively, compared with the DA group. The total number of mitotic cells per crypt decreased nonsignificantly in the salmon group (–0.87; 95% CI: –2.41, 0.68) and in the cod group (–1.04; 95% CI: –2.62, 0.53) compared with the DA group. Furthermore, the distribution of mitosis within the crypt did not significantly change in either group. Conclusion: An increase in the consumption of either oil-rich or lean fish to 2 portions weekly over 6 mo does not markedly change apoptotic and mitotic rates in the colonic mucosa. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00145015
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-361
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • inflammatory-bowel-disease
  • rectal cell-proliferation
  • whole crypt mounts
  • n-3 fatty-acids
  • eicosapentaenoic acid
  • healthy-subjects
  • colonic-mucosa
  • rat colon
  • apoptosis
  • oil

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fish consumption and markers of colorectal cancer risk: a multicenter randomized controlled trial.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this