Fiscal Development under Colonial and Sovereign Rule

E.H.P. Frankema, Marlous van Waijenburg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This chapter explores differences in the making of a ‘modern’ fiscal state under colonial and sovereign rule. Focusing on African and Asian colonies (1820–1970) and their respective European metropoles, it argues that while the introduction of ‘modern’ taxes was part of an imperial diffusion process of fiscal reforms, these new taxes were embedded in a distinctly colonial political, social and economic logic. In contrast to the imperial metropoles, where ‘modern’ taxes built on organically grown tax bases, fiscal ‘modernity’ and ‘tradition’ co-existed in a dualistic system in the colonies. The comparison of fiscal development under colonial and sovereign rule helps to move beyond the Eurocentric bias in the historical tax literature and develop a more global theory of fiscal modernization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGlobal Taxation
Subtitle of host publicationHow Modern Taxes conquered the World
EditorsP. Genschel, L. Seelkopf
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780192897572
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2022


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