Firm-specific responses to energy policies in Dutch horticulture

Evert Los, Cornelis Gardebroek*, Ruud Huirne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Reducing the usage of fossil fuels is a central issue in ongoing policy debates. This in particular holds for Dutch horticulture, given its energy-intensive production. We analyse differences in energy usage and price responsiveness of horticultural firms by estimating energy demand functions using a Bayesian random coefficient model. Beyond, the effects of a proposed energy tax are assessed. Allowing for firm-specific energy price coefficients gives a better model fit compared to conventional models with fixed slope parameters. This confirms that firms respond differently to energy prices, which is taken into account in simulating the effects of more restrictive energy policies. The results show that larger-sized firms use less gas per square meter yet also point at a considerable spread in additional energy expenses between firms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-384
Number of pages23
JournalEuropean Review of Agricultural Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2021


  • Bayesian
  • energy policy
  • farm income
  • heterogeneity
  • horticulture
  • input prices
  • random coefficient model


Dive into the research topics of 'Firm-specific responses to energy policies in Dutch horticulture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this