Fine mapping of a quantitative trait locus for bovine milk fat composition on Bos taurus autosome 19

A.C. Bouwman, M.H.P.W. Visker, J.A.M. van Arendonk, H. Bovenhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A major quantitative trait locus (QTL) for milk fat content and fatty acids in both milk and adipose tissue has been detected on Bos taurus autosome 19 (BTA19) in several cattle breeds. The objective of this study was to refine the location of the QTL on BTA19 for bovine milk fat composition using a denser set of markers. Opportunities for fine mapping were provided by imputation from 50,000 genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) toward a high-density SNP panel with up to 777,000 SNP. The QTL region was narrowed down to a linkage disequilibrium block formed by 22 SNP covering 85,007 bp, from 51,303,322 to 51,388,329 bp on BTA19. This linkage disequilibrium block contained 2 genes: coiled-coil domain containing 57 (CCDC57) and fatty acid synthase (FASN). The gene CCDC57 is minimally characterized and has not been associated with bovine milk fat previously, but is expressed in the mammary gland. The gene FASN has been associated with bovine milk fat and fat in adipose tissue before. This gene is a likely candidate for the QTL on BTA19 because of its involvement in de novo fat synthesis. Future studies using sequence data of both CCDC57 and FASN, and eventually functional studies, will have to be pursued to assign the causal variant(s).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1149
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • genome-wide association
  • stearoyl-coa desaturase
  • dairy-cattle
  • acid-composition
  • genotype imputation
  • genetic-parameters
  • missense mutation
  • fasn gene
  • polymorphisms
  • yield

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