This brochure offers a detailed analysis of the financial vehicles and mechanisms that drive the expansion of production of the following four commodities: skipjack canned tuna; cultured shrimp; soy; and beef. The commodities were selected in view of their global economic importance and their potentially adverse impact on the environment. The financial sector (investors, lenders, insurers, funds, etc.) serves as a gate-keeper to capital flows that are critical in supporting companies’ expansions of operational capacity. This sector can significantly influence how these businesses exploit renewable resources. In this brochure therefore: The supply chains for each commodity were verified by geography; The top companies in each segment of the supply chain were identified (e.g. farmers, primary processors, etc.); and Primary sources of financing were identified.
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- supply chain management
- agro-industrial chains
- retail marketing
- glycine (fabaceae)