Field-emission scanning electron microscopy of the internal cellular organization of fungi

W.H. Muller, A.C. van Aelst, B.M. Humbel, T.P. van der Krift, T. Boekhout

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)


    Internal viewing of the cellular organization of hyphae by scanning electron microscopy is an alternative to observing sectioned fungal material with a transmission electron microscope. To study cytoplasmic organelles in the hyphal cells of fungi by SEM, colonies were chemically fixed with glutaraldehyde and osmium tetroxide and then immersed in dimethyl sulfoxide. Following this procedure, the colonies were frozen and fractured on a liquid nitrogen-precooled metal block. Next, the fractured samples were macerated in diluted osmium tetroxide to remove the cytoplasmic matrix and subsequently dehydrated by freeze substitution in methanol. After critical point drying, mounting, and sputter coating, fractured cells of several basidiomycetes were imaged with field-emission SEM. This procedure produced clear images of elongated and spherical mitochondria, the nucleus, intravacuolar structures, tubular- and plate-like endoplasmic reticulum, and different types of septal pore caps. This method is a powerful approach for studying the intracellular ultrastructure of fungi by SEM.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)295-303
    Publication statusPublished - 2000


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