Field dynamics and patho-genomics of Asian soybean rust pathogen Phakopsora pachyrhizi

Y.K. Gupta, J. Ku, D. Maclean, Harun Murithi, M.H.A.J. Joosten, G. Tabor, K.E. Broglie, S.H. Brommonschenkel, H.P. van Esse

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Soybean (Glycine max) is an important legume crop and a rich source for plant proteins and vegetable oil. A major constraint for soybean production is Asian soybean rust (ASR) which causes yield losses of up to 80%. ASR is caused by the obligate biotrophic fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi and can only be controlled by fungicide application. Extensive efforts have been made to find genetic resistance against P. pachyrhizi however, the pathogen has rapidly overcome major resistance genes Rpp1-5. Remarkably, P. pachyrhizi infects over 153 different legume species under suitable conditions, which suggests that P. pachyrhizi maintains diverse pathogenicity factors. The degree and distribution of genetic variation in the pathogen population is key for informed deployment of novel resistance genes but is largely unknown for P. pachyrhizi. To nderstand the field variation and population structure of P. pachyrhizi, infected field samples of soybean are collected from different locations across Brazil and east Africa. We have developed a next-generation sequencing approach to explore the population structure and genetic variation of P. pachyrhizi in these very different geographic locations. Sequencing of field samples will allow us to study sequence polymorphisms in P. pachyrhizi. We will aim to obtain a detailed understanding of the effector diversity in the field population of P. pachyrhizi. We will use this information for the sustainable deployment of genes that confer resistance to Asian Soybean Rust in transgenic soybean.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017
PublisherGenetics Society of America
Pages181-181
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2017
Event29th Fungal Genetics Conference - Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, CA, United States
Duration: 14 Mar 201719 Mar 2017
http://www.genetics-gsa.org/fungal/2017/Abstract%20Book%202017%208x10.pdf

Conference

Conference29th Fungal Genetics Conference
CountryUnited States
CityPacific Grove, CA
Period14/03/1719/03/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Phakopsora pachyrhizi
soybean rust
genomics
pathogens
soybeans
population structure
legumes
plant source protein
genetic variation
genes
genetic resistance
Eastern Africa
vegetable oil
pesticide application
Glycine max
population genetics
pathogenicity
genetic polymorphism
genetically modified organisms
sampling

Cite this

Gupta, Y. K., Ku, J., Maclean, D., Murithi, H., Joosten, M. H. A. J., Tabor, G., ... van Esse, H. P. (2017). Field dynamics and patho-genomics of Asian soybean rust pathogen Phakopsora pachyrhizi. In Abstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017 (pp. 181-181). Genetics Society of America.
Gupta, Y.K. ; Ku, J. ; Maclean, D. ; Murithi, Harun ; Joosten, M.H.A.J. ; Tabor, G. ; Broglie, K.E. ; Brommonschenkel, S.H. ; van Esse, H.P. / Field dynamics and patho-genomics of Asian soybean rust pathogen Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Abstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017. Genetics Society of America, 2017. pp. 181-181
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abstract = "Soybean (Glycine max) is an important legume crop and a rich source for plant proteins and vegetable oil. A major constraint for soybean production is Asian soybean rust (ASR) which causes yield losses of up to 80{\%}. ASR is caused by the obligate biotrophic fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi and can only be controlled by fungicide application. Extensive efforts have been made to find genetic resistance against P. pachyrhizi however, the pathogen has rapidly overcome major resistance genes Rpp1-5. Remarkably, P. pachyrhizi infects over 153 different legume species under suitable conditions, which suggests that P. pachyrhizi maintains diverse pathogenicity factors. The degree and distribution of genetic variation in the pathogen population is key for informed deployment of novel resistance genes but is largely unknown for P. pachyrhizi. To nderstand the field variation and population structure of P. pachyrhizi, infected field samples of soybean are collected from different locations across Brazil and east Africa. We have developed a next-generation sequencing approach to explore the population structure and genetic variation of P. pachyrhizi in these very different geographic locations. Sequencing of field samples will allow us to study sequence polymorphisms in P. pachyrhizi. We will aim to obtain a detailed understanding of the effector diversity in the field population of P. pachyrhizi. We will use this information for the sustainable deployment of genes that confer resistance to Asian Soybean Rust in transgenic soybean.",
author = "Y.K. Gupta and J. Ku and D. Maclean and Harun Murithi and M.H.A.J. Joosten and G. Tabor and K.E. Broglie and S.H. Brommonschenkel and {van Esse}, H.P.",
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Gupta, YK, Ku, J, Maclean, D, Murithi, H, Joosten, MHAJ, Tabor, G, Broglie, KE, Brommonschenkel, SH & van Esse, HP 2017, Field dynamics and patho-genomics of Asian soybean rust pathogen Phakopsora pachyrhizi. in Abstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017. Genetics Society of America, pp. 181-181, 29th Fungal Genetics Conference, Pacific Grove, CA, United States, 14/03/17.

Field dynamics and patho-genomics of Asian soybean rust pathogen Phakopsora pachyrhizi. / Gupta, Y.K.; Ku, J.; Maclean, D.; Murithi, Harun; Joosten, M.H.A.J.; Tabor, G. ; Broglie, K.E.; Brommonschenkel, S.H.; van Esse, H.P.

Abstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017. Genetics Society of America, 2017. p. 181-181.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic

TY - CHAP

T1 - Field dynamics and patho-genomics of Asian soybean rust pathogen Phakopsora pachyrhizi

AU - Gupta, Y.K.

AU - Ku, J.

AU - Maclean, D.

AU - Murithi, Harun

AU - Joosten, M.H.A.J.

AU - Tabor, G.

AU - Broglie, K.E.

AU - Brommonschenkel, S.H.

AU - van Esse, H.P.

PY - 2017/5/2

Y1 - 2017/5/2

N2 - Soybean (Glycine max) is an important legume crop and a rich source for plant proteins and vegetable oil. A major constraint for soybean production is Asian soybean rust (ASR) which causes yield losses of up to 80%. ASR is caused by the obligate biotrophic fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi and can only be controlled by fungicide application. Extensive efforts have been made to find genetic resistance against P. pachyrhizi however, the pathogen has rapidly overcome major resistance genes Rpp1-5. Remarkably, P. pachyrhizi infects over 153 different legume species under suitable conditions, which suggests that P. pachyrhizi maintains diverse pathogenicity factors. The degree and distribution of genetic variation in the pathogen population is key for informed deployment of novel resistance genes but is largely unknown for P. pachyrhizi. To nderstand the field variation and population structure of P. pachyrhizi, infected field samples of soybean are collected from different locations across Brazil and east Africa. We have developed a next-generation sequencing approach to explore the population structure and genetic variation of P. pachyrhizi in these very different geographic locations. Sequencing of field samples will allow us to study sequence polymorphisms in P. pachyrhizi. We will aim to obtain a detailed understanding of the effector diversity in the field population of P. pachyrhizi. We will use this information for the sustainable deployment of genes that confer resistance to Asian Soybean Rust in transgenic soybean.

AB - Soybean (Glycine max) is an important legume crop and a rich source for plant proteins and vegetable oil. A major constraint for soybean production is Asian soybean rust (ASR) which causes yield losses of up to 80%. ASR is caused by the obligate biotrophic fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi and can only be controlled by fungicide application. Extensive efforts have been made to find genetic resistance against P. pachyrhizi however, the pathogen has rapidly overcome major resistance genes Rpp1-5. Remarkably, P. pachyrhizi infects over 153 different legume species under suitable conditions, which suggests that P. pachyrhizi maintains diverse pathogenicity factors. The degree and distribution of genetic variation in the pathogen population is key for informed deployment of novel resistance genes but is largely unknown for P. pachyrhizi. To nderstand the field variation and population structure of P. pachyrhizi, infected field samples of soybean are collected from different locations across Brazil and east Africa. We have developed a next-generation sequencing approach to explore the population structure and genetic variation of P. pachyrhizi in these very different geographic locations. Sequencing of field samples will allow us to study sequence polymorphisms in P. pachyrhizi. We will aim to obtain a detailed understanding of the effector diversity in the field population of P. pachyrhizi. We will use this information for the sustainable deployment of genes that confer resistance to Asian Soybean Rust in transgenic soybean.

M3 - Abstract

SP - 181

EP - 181

BT - Abstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017

PB - Genetics Society of America

ER -

Gupta YK, Ku J, Maclean D, Murithi H, Joosten MHAJ, Tabor G et al. Field dynamics and patho-genomics of Asian soybean rust pathogen Phakopsora pachyrhizi. In Abstract Book 29th Fungal Genetics Conference Asilomar 17, Pacific Grove, CA, USA 14-19 March 2017. Genetics Society of America. 2017. p. 181-181