Feedbacks from Filter Feeders: Review on the Role of Mussels in Cycling and Storage of Nutrients in Oligo- Meso- and Eutrophic Cultivation Areas

Henrice Maria Jansen, Øivind Strand, Wouter Van Broekhoven, Tore Strohmeier, Marc C. Verdegem, Aad C. Smaal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cultured and wild bivalve stocks provide ecosystem services through regulation of nutrient dynamics; both by regeneration of nutrients that become available again for phytoplankton production (positive feedback), and by extraction
of nutrients through filtration and storage in tissue (negative feedback). Consequently, bivalves may fulfil a role in water quality management. The magnitude of regulating services by filter feeding bivalves varies between coastal ecosystems. This review uses the blue mussel as a model species and evaluates how cultured mussel stocks regulate nutrient dynamics in oligo- meso- and eutrophic ecosystems. We thereby examine (i) the eco-physiological response of mussels, and (ii) the positive and negative feedback mechanisms between mussel stocks and the surrounding ecosystem. Mussel culture in nutrient-poor areas (deep Norwegian fjords) are compared with cultures in other coastal systems with medium- to rich nutrient conditions. It was found that despite differences in eco-physiological rates under nutrient-poor conditions (higher clearance, lower egestion, similar excretion and tissue storage rates), the proportion of nutrients regenerated was similar between (deep) nutrient-poor
and (shallow) nutrient-rich areas. Of the filtered nutrients, 40–50% is regenerated
and thus made available again for phytoplankton growth, and 10–50% of the
filtered nutrients is stored in tissue and could be removed from the system by harvest. A priori, we inferred that as a consequence of low background nutrient levels, mussels would potentially have a larger effect on ecosystem functioning in nutrient-poor systems and/or seasons. However, this review showed that due to the physical characteristics (volume, water residence time) and low mussel densities in nutrient-poor Norwegian fjord systems, the effects were lower for these sites, while estimates were more profound in shallow nutrient-rich areas with more intensive aquaculture activities, especially in terms of the negative feedback mechanisms (filtration intensity).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGoods and Services of Marine Bivalves
EditorsAad C. Smaal, Joao G. Ferreira, Jon Grant, Jens K. Petersen, Øivind Strand
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Chapter9
Pages143-177
ISBN (Electronic)9783319967769
ISBN (Print)9783319967752
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

filter feeder
nutrient
bivalve
nutrient dynamics
feedback mechanism
fjord
ecosystem
mussel culture
phytoplankton
intensive culture
filter feeding
physiological response
ecosystem service
excretion

Cite this

Jansen, H. M., Strand, Ø., Van Broekhoven, W., Strohmeier, T., Verdegem, M. C., & Smaal, A. C. (2019). Feedbacks from Filter Feeders: Review on the Role of Mussels in Cycling and Storage of Nutrients in Oligo- Meso- and Eutrophic Cultivation Areas. In A. C. Smaal, J. G. Ferreira, J. Grant, J. K. Petersen, & Ø. Strand (Eds.), Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves (pp. 143-177). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96776-9_9
Jansen, Henrice Maria ; Strand, Øivind ; Van Broekhoven, Wouter ; Strohmeier, Tore ; Verdegem, Marc C. ; Smaal, Aad C. / Feedbacks from Filter Feeders: Review on the Role of Mussels in Cycling and Storage of Nutrients in Oligo- Meso- and Eutrophic Cultivation Areas. Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves. editor / Aad C. Smaal ; Joao G. Ferreira ; Jon Grant ; Jens K. Petersen ; Øivind Strand. Springer International Publishing, 2019. pp. 143-177
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abstract = "Cultured and wild bivalve stocks provide ecosystem services through regulation of nutrient dynamics; both by regeneration of nutrients that become available again for phytoplankton production (positive feedback), and by extractionof nutrients through filtration and storage in tissue (negative feedback). Consequently, bivalves may fulfil a role in water quality management. The magnitude of regulating services by filter feeding bivalves varies between coastal ecosystems. This review uses the blue mussel as a model species and evaluates how cultured mussel stocks regulate nutrient dynamics in oligo- meso- and eutrophic ecosystems. We thereby examine (i) the eco-physiological response of mussels, and (ii) the positive and negative feedback mechanisms between mussel stocks and the surrounding ecosystem. Mussel culture in nutrient-poor areas (deep Norwegian fjords) are compared with cultures in other coastal systems with medium- to rich nutrient conditions. It was found that despite differences in eco-physiological rates under nutrient-poor conditions (higher clearance, lower egestion, similar excretion and tissue storage rates), the proportion of nutrients regenerated was similar between (deep) nutrient-poorand (shallow) nutrient-rich areas. Of the filtered nutrients, 40–50{\%} is regeneratedand thus made available again for phytoplankton growth, and 10–50{\%} of thefiltered nutrients is stored in tissue and could be removed from the system by harvest. A priori, we inferred that as a consequence of low background nutrient levels, mussels would potentially have a larger effect on ecosystem functioning in nutrient-poor systems and/or seasons. However, this review showed that due to the physical characteristics (volume, water residence time) and low mussel densities in nutrient-poor Norwegian fjord systems, the effects were lower for these sites, while estimates were more profound in shallow nutrient-rich areas with more intensive aquaculture activities, especially in terms of the negative feedback mechanisms (filtration intensity).",
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Jansen, HM, Strand, Ø, Van Broekhoven, W, Strohmeier, T, Verdegem, MC & Smaal, AC 2019, Feedbacks from Filter Feeders: Review on the Role of Mussels in Cycling and Storage of Nutrients in Oligo- Meso- and Eutrophic Cultivation Areas. in AC Smaal, JG Ferreira, J Grant, JK Petersen & Ø Strand (eds), Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves. Springer International Publishing, pp. 143-177. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96776-9_9

Feedbacks from Filter Feeders: Review on the Role of Mussels in Cycling and Storage of Nutrients in Oligo- Meso- and Eutrophic Cultivation Areas. / Jansen, Henrice Maria; Strand, Øivind; Van Broekhoven, Wouter; Strohmeier, Tore; Verdegem, Marc C.; Smaal, Aad C.

Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves. ed. / Aad C. Smaal; Joao G. Ferreira; Jon Grant; Jens K. Petersen; Øivind Strand. Springer International Publishing, 2019. p. 143-177.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Feedbacks from Filter Feeders: Review on the Role of Mussels in Cycling and Storage of Nutrients in Oligo- Meso- and Eutrophic Cultivation Areas

AU - Jansen, Henrice Maria

AU - Strand, Øivind

AU - Van Broekhoven, Wouter

AU - Strohmeier, Tore

AU - Verdegem, Marc C.

AU - Smaal, Aad C.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Cultured and wild bivalve stocks provide ecosystem services through regulation of nutrient dynamics; both by regeneration of nutrients that become available again for phytoplankton production (positive feedback), and by extractionof nutrients through filtration and storage in tissue (negative feedback). Consequently, bivalves may fulfil a role in water quality management. The magnitude of regulating services by filter feeding bivalves varies between coastal ecosystems. This review uses the blue mussel as a model species and evaluates how cultured mussel stocks regulate nutrient dynamics in oligo- meso- and eutrophic ecosystems. We thereby examine (i) the eco-physiological response of mussels, and (ii) the positive and negative feedback mechanisms between mussel stocks and the surrounding ecosystem. Mussel culture in nutrient-poor areas (deep Norwegian fjords) are compared with cultures in other coastal systems with medium- to rich nutrient conditions. It was found that despite differences in eco-physiological rates under nutrient-poor conditions (higher clearance, lower egestion, similar excretion and tissue storage rates), the proportion of nutrients regenerated was similar between (deep) nutrient-poorand (shallow) nutrient-rich areas. Of the filtered nutrients, 40–50% is regeneratedand thus made available again for phytoplankton growth, and 10–50% of thefiltered nutrients is stored in tissue and could be removed from the system by harvest. A priori, we inferred that as a consequence of low background nutrient levels, mussels would potentially have a larger effect on ecosystem functioning in nutrient-poor systems and/or seasons. However, this review showed that due to the physical characteristics (volume, water residence time) and low mussel densities in nutrient-poor Norwegian fjord systems, the effects were lower for these sites, while estimates were more profound in shallow nutrient-rich areas with more intensive aquaculture activities, especially in terms of the negative feedback mechanisms (filtration intensity).

AB - Cultured and wild bivalve stocks provide ecosystem services through regulation of nutrient dynamics; both by regeneration of nutrients that become available again for phytoplankton production (positive feedback), and by extractionof nutrients through filtration and storage in tissue (negative feedback). Consequently, bivalves may fulfil a role in water quality management. The magnitude of regulating services by filter feeding bivalves varies between coastal ecosystems. This review uses the blue mussel as a model species and evaluates how cultured mussel stocks regulate nutrient dynamics in oligo- meso- and eutrophic ecosystems. We thereby examine (i) the eco-physiological response of mussels, and (ii) the positive and negative feedback mechanisms between mussel stocks and the surrounding ecosystem. Mussel culture in nutrient-poor areas (deep Norwegian fjords) are compared with cultures in other coastal systems with medium- to rich nutrient conditions. It was found that despite differences in eco-physiological rates under nutrient-poor conditions (higher clearance, lower egestion, similar excretion and tissue storage rates), the proportion of nutrients regenerated was similar between (deep) nutrient-poorand (shallow) nutrient-rich areas. Of the filtered nutrients, 40–50% is regeneratedand thus made available again for phytoplankton growth, and 10–50% of thefiltered nutrients is stored in tissue and could be removed from the system by harvest. A priori, we inferred that as a consequence of low background nutrient levels, mussels would potentially have a larger effect on ecosystem functioning in nutrient-poor systems and/or seasons. However, this review showed that due to the physical characteristics (volume, water residence time) and low mussel densities in nutrient-poor Norwegian fjord systems, the effects were lower for these sites, while estimates were more profound in shallow nutrient-rich areas with more intensive aquaculture activities, especially in terms of the negative feedback mechanisms (filtration intensity).

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-96776-9_9

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M3 - Chapter

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BT - Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves

A2 - Smaal, Aad C.

A2 - Ferreira, Joao G.

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A2 - Strand, Øivind

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -

Jansen HM, Strand Ø, Van Broekhoven W, Strohmeier T, Verdegem MC, Smaal AC. Feedbacks from Filter Feeders: Review on the Role of Mussels in Cycling and Storage of Nutrients in Oligo- Meso- and Eutrophic Cultivation Areas. In Smaal AC, Ferreira JG, Grant J, Petersen JK, Strand Ø, editors, Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves. Springer International Publishing. 2019. p. 143-177 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96776-9_9