Fecal Microbiota in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Its Relation to Inflammation

K.L. Kolho, K. Korpela, T. Jaakkola, M.V.A. Pichai, E.G. Zoetendal, A. Salonen, W.M. de Vos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is considered to result from interplay between host and intestinal microbiota. While IBD in adults has shown to be associated with marked changes in the intestinal microbiota, there are only a few studies in children, and particularly studies focusing on therapeutic responses are lacking. Hence, this prospective study addressed the intestinal microbiota in pediatric IBD especially related to the level of inflammation. METHODS: In total, 68 pediatric patients with IBD and 26 controls provided stool and blood samples in a tertiary care hospital and 32 received anti-tumor necrosis factor-a (anti-TNF-a). Blood inflammatory markers and fecal calprotectin levels were determined. The intestinal microbiota was characterized by phylogenetic microarray and qPCR analysis. RESULTS: The microbiota varied along a gradient of increasing intestinal inflammation (indicated by calprotectin levels), which was associated with reduced microbial richness, abundance of butyrate producers, and relative abundance of Gram-positive bacteria (especially Clostridium clusters IV and XIVa). A significant association between microbiota composition and inflammation was indicated by a set of bacterial groups predicting the calprotectin levels (area under curve (AUC) of 0.85). During the induction of anti-TNF-a, the microbial diversity and similarity to the microbiota of controls increased in the responder group by week 6, but not in the non-responders (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921-930
JournalAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume110
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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