Fate and Bioavailability of Engineered Nanoparticles in Soils: A Review

G. Cornelis, K. Hund-Rinke, T. Kuhlbusch, N.W. van den Brink, C. Nickel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

206 Citations (Scopus)


Interactions within natural soils have often been neglected when assessing fate and bioavailability of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) in soils. This review combines patchwise ENM research using natural soils with the much wider literature on ENM performed in standard tests or on the fate of colloids in soils, and an analysis of the diverse ENM characteristics determining availability from the soil organisms’ perspective to assess the main soil characteristics that determine the fate, speciation, and ultimately bioavailability of ENM in natural soils. Predominantly salinity, texture, pH, concentration, and nature of mobile organic compounds and degree of saturation determine ENM bioavailability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2720-2764
JournalCritical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • saturated porous-media
  • fullerene c-60 nanoparticles
  • zinc-oxide nanoparticles
  • titanium-dioxide nanoparticles
  • surface-charge heterogeneity
  • coated silver nanoparticles
  • modified fe-0 nanoparticles
  • water treatment-plant
  • humic-acid
  • carbon nanotubes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fate and Bioavailability of Engineered Nanoparticles in Soils: A Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this