Farmers' Willingness to Cooperate: The Case of Tatarstan

Maria Antonova*, Denis Ternovsky, Wim Heijman, Jos Bijman, Lilia Nigmatullina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Despite the purposeful governmental programs, agricultural cooperation in Russia is not developing—on the contrary, the number of cooperatives has been continuously declining. This study investigates the reasons for farmers' refusal to join cooperatives. A prepared questionnaire was distributed in one of the Russian regions (the Republic of Tatarstan), and the collected data were analyzed via the cross tabulation method and logit analysis. According to the study results, the major reasons for not cooperating are as follows: respondent farmers lack the experience of cooperation, they have problems trusting each other, they are not socially active in their communities, and they rarely have a higher education. The study results recommend that the Ministry of Agriculture, willing to develop agricultural cooperation, pay special attention to educating farmers in terms of cooperation. Particular work should be done in teaching farmers to work in groups, trust each other, and organize systems of cooperative ventures in a way that would exclude cheating and free-riding behavior on the parts of both the cooperative members and the leaders. Stimulating social activities among farmers in rural areas might also increase cooperation. In addition, there is a need for agricultural consulting services offering high quality educational courses explaining the advantages of cooperatives and profits that they may provide to the members.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-117
Number of pages22
JournalEkonomicheskaya Politika
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • agricultural cooperatives
  • farmers' willingness to cooperate
  • the Republic of Tatarstan


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