Farmers' participation and breeding for durable disease resistance in the Andean region

D.L. Danial, J.E. Parlevliet, C.J.M. Almekinders, G. Thiele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the Andean region, the Preduza project and its partners combined breeding for durable disease resistance using locally adapted cultivars and farmer participatory methods. The approach taken resembles participatory variety selection (PVS). Farmers participated in the selection of advanced materials, rather than finished cultivars. This paper describes this approach and reports experiences with farmers¿breeders collaboration. As breeders involved farmers as participants, they learned more about the most important criteria of male and female farmers for preferred cultivars in the marginal environments of Andean cropping systems. This approach encouraged the use of locally adapted cultivars (often landraces), made the breeders less dependent on foreign materials, and has resulted in selection and development of new wheat, barley, common bean, quinoa, potato and maize cultivars. Breeding programmes based on crossing locally adapted cultivars followed by selection by the breeders in the early phases of the breeding programmes and by participatory selection with the farmers in the more advanced stages of the breeding programmes appeared successful. It became clear that breeders must be well acquainted with the farmer preferences such as the requirements for specific agronomic, storage, processing and marketing traits. Over a period of five years the centralized formal breeding approach predominantly based on material produced by the international institutes was replaced by decentralized breeding approaches based largely on local germplasm with extensive farmer participation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-396
JournalEuphytica
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

Andes region
Disease Resistance
Breeding
disease resistance
farmers
breeding
cultivars
Chenopodium quinoa
Hordeum
Solanum tuberosum
Farmers
Marketing
landraces
Triticum
Zea mays
marketing
cropping systems
beans
germplasm
barley

Keywords

  • crop improvement
  • varieties
  • selection
  • maize

Cite this

@article{b91c681b42054bfe8766c084200d210f,
title = "Farmers' participation and breeding for durable disease resistance in the Andean region",
abstract = "In the Andean region, the Preduza project and its partners combined breeding for durable disease resistance using locally adapted cultivars and farmer participatory methods. The approach taken resembles participatory variety selection (PVS). Farmers participated in the selection of advanced materials, rather than finished cultivars. This paper describes this approach and reports experiences with farmers¿breeders collaboration. As breeders involved farmers as participants, they learned more about the most important criteria of male and female farmers for preferred cultivars in the marginal environments of Andean cropping systems. This approach encouraged the use of locally adapted cultivars (often landraces), made the breeders less dependent on foreign materials, and has resulted in selection and development of new wheat, barley, common bean, quinoa, potato and maize cultivars. Breeding programmes based on crossing locally adapted cultivars followed by selection by the breeders in the early phases of the breeding programmes and by participatory selection with the farmers in the more advanced stages of the breeding programmes appeared successful. It became clear that breeders must be well acquainted with the farmer preferences such as the requirements for specific agronomic, storage, processing and marketing traits. Over a period of five years the centralized formal breeding approach predominantly based on material produced by the international institutes was replaced by decentralized breeding approaches based largely on local germplasm with extensive farmer participation",
keywords = "crop improvement, varieties, selection, maize",
author = "D.L. Danial and J.E. Parlevliet and C.J.M. Almekinders and G. Thiele",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1007/s10681-006-9165-9",
language = "English",
volume = "153",
pages = "385--396",
journal = "Euphytica",
issn = "0014-2336",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3",

}

Farmers' participation and breeding for durable disease resistance in the Andean region. / Danial, D.L.; Parlevliet, J.E.; Almekinders, C.J.M.; Thiele, G.

In: Euphytica, Vol. 153, No. 3, 2007, p. 385-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Farmers' participation and breeding for durable disease resistance in the Andean region

AU - Danial, D.L.

AU - Parlevliet, J.E.

AU - Almekinders, C.J.M.

AU - Thiele, G.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - In the Andean region, the Preduza project and its partners combined breeding for durable disease resistance using locally adapted cultivars and farmer participatory methods. The approach taken resembles participatory variety selection (PVS). Farmers participated in the selection of advanced materials, rather than finished cultivars. This paper describes this approach and reports experiences with farmers¿breeders collaboration. As breeders involved farmers as participants, they learned more about the most important criteria of male and female farmers for preferred cultivars in the marginal environments of Andean cropping systems. This approach encouraged the use of locally adapted cultivars (often landraces), made the breeders less dependent on foreign materials, and has resulted in selection and development of new wheat, barley, common bean, quinoa, potato and maize cultivars. Breeding programmes based on crossing locally adapted cultivars followed by selection by the breeders in the early phases of the breeding programmes and by participatory selection with the farmers in the more advanced stages of the breeding programmes appeared successful. It became clear that breeders must be well acquainted with the farmer preferences such as the requirements for specific agronomic, storage, processing and marketing traits. Over a period of five years the centralized formal breeding approach predominantly based on material produced by the international institutes was replaced by decentralized breeding approaches based largely on local germplasm with extensive farmer participation

AB - In the Andean region, the Preduza project and its partners combined breeding for durable disease resistance using locally adapted cultivars and farmer participatory methods. The approach taken resembles participatory variety selection (PVS). Farmers participated in the selection of advanced materials, rather than finished cultivars. This paper describes this approach and reports experiences with farmers¿breeders collaboration. As breeders involved farmers as participants, they learned more about the most important criteria of male and female farmers for preferred cultivars in the marginal environments of Andean cropping systems. This approach encouraged the use of locally adapted cultivars (often landraces), made the breeders less dependent on foreign materials, and has resulted in selection and development of new wheat, barley, common bean, quinoa, potato and maize cultivars. Breeding programmes based on crossing locally adapted cultivars followed by selection by the breeders in the early phases of the breeding programmes and by participatory selection with the farmers in the more advanced stages of the breeding programmes appeared successful. It became clear that breeders must be well acquainted with the farmer preferences such as the requirements for specific agronomic, storage, processing and marketing traits. Over a period of five years the centralized formal breeding approach predominantly based on material produced by the international institutes was replaced by decentralized breeding approaches based largely on local germplasm with extensive farmer participation

KW - crop improvement

KW - varieties

KW - selection

KW - maize

U2 - 10.1007/s10681-006-9165-9

DO - 10.1007/s10681-006-9165-9

M3 - Article

VL - 153

SP - 385

EP - 396

JO - Euphytica

JF - Euphytica

SN - 0014-2336

IS - 3

ER -