Farmers' Knowledge and Practices of Potato Bacterial Wilt Management in Ethiopia

Shiferaw Tafesse Gobena, E. Damtew, B.C. van Mierlo, R. Lie, B. Lemaga, Kalpana Sharma, C. Leeuwis, P.C. Struik

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an increasingly important crop for food and nutrition security in Ethiopia. It is also a vital source of income and more than 3.7 million smallholder farmers are involved in potato production in the country. However, bacterial wilt is currently causing an overwhelming impact on the country's potato production systems, threatening food and nutrition security initiatives.
A survey of 261 randomly selected smallholder farmers was carried out in three major potato growing districts in the central highlands of Ethiopia to examine farmers' knowledge and management practices of bacterial wilt, and to analyse the role of relevant knowledge in their practices. Considering their different characteristics, three groups of farmers were distinguished: producers of quality declared seed, producers of normal seed and producers of ware potatoes. The results of the study indicated that most farmers (72%) could recognise symptoms of the disease on infected potato plants. However, they had very limited knowledge of the disease including its causal agent, spreading mechanisms, and management methods. All of the farmers were unaware of the causal agent of the disease and there were significant incongruences between scientific explanations and farmers' understanding of the disease. The farmers provided different explanations and confused a causal agent of the disease with various factors, such as water shortage, insects, planting seed potato with high moisture content, and waterlogging. Further, the majority of the farmers (60%) did not know spreading mechanisms of the disease. There was also no statistically significant association between farmers' knowledge of the disease and the category of the farmers.
Farmers' knowledge of recommended management methods for bacterial wilt was also limited. The study further showed that practices of farmers have striking implication for spreading of the disease instead of controlling it. Previous agricultural extension efforts did not have the desirable effect on farmers' knowledge and practices. Therefore, to bridge the gap between scientific knowledge and farmers' understanding and practices, farmers need to learn about the disease and how to manage it through appropriate learning approaches that foster innovations in their local context.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventTropentag 2019 - Kassel: Filling gaps and removing traps for sustainable resources management - University of Kassel, Campus Centre, Kassel, Germany
Duration: 18 Sep 201920 Oct 2019
http://www.tropentag.de/

Conference

ConferenceTropentag 2019 - Kassel
CountryGermany
CityKassel
Period18/09/1920/10/19
Internet address

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bacterial wilt
Ethiopia
potatoes
farmers
nutrition
planting seed
water shortages
seed tubers
food crops
flooded conditions
seed quality

Cite this

Gobena, S. T., Damtew, E., van Mierlo, B. C., Lie, R., Lemaga, B., Sharma, K., ... Struik, P. C. (2019). Farmers' Knowledge and Practices of Potato Bacterial Wilt Management in Ethiopia. Abstract from Tropentag 2019 - Kassel, Kassel, Germany.
Gobena, Shiferaw Tafesse ; Damtew, E. ; van Mierlo, B.C. ; Lie, R. ; Lemaga, B. ; Sharma, Kalpana ; Leeuwis, C. ; Struik, P.C. / Farmers' Knowledge and Practices of Potato Bacterial Wilt Management in Ethiopia. Abstract from Tropentag 2019 - Kassel, Kassel, Germany.1 p.
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abstract = "Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an increasingly important crop for food and nutrition security in Ethiopia. It is also a vital source of income and more than 3.7 million smallholder farmers are involved in potato production in the country. However, bacterial wilt is currently causing an overwhelming impact on the country's potato production systems, threatening food and nutrition security initiatives. A survey of 261 randomly selected smallholder farmers was carried out in three major potato growing districts in the central highlands of Ethiopia to examine farmers' knowledge and management practices of bacterial wilt, and to analyse the role of relevant knowledge in their practices. Considering their different characteristics, three groups of farmers were distinguished: producers of quality declared seed, producers of normal seed and producers of ware potatoes. The results of the study indicated that most farmers (72{\%}) could recognise symptoms of the disease on infected potato plants. However, they had very limited knowledge of the disease including its causal agent, spreading mechanisms, and management methods. All of the farmers were unaware of the causal agent of the disease and there were significant incongruences between scientific explanations and farmers' understanding of the disease. The farmers provided different explanations and confused a causal agent of the disease with various factors, such as water shortage, insects, planting seed potato with high moisture content, and waterlogging. Further, the majority of the farmers (60{\%}) did not know spreading mechanisms of the disease. There was also no statistically significant association between farmers' knowledge of the disease and the category of the farmers. Farmers' knowledge of recommended management methods for bacterial wilt was also limited. The study further showed that practices of farmers have striking implication for spreading of the disease instead of controlling it. Previous agricultural extension efforts did not have the desirable effect on farmers' knowledge and practices. Therefore, to bridge the gap between scientific knowledge and farmers' understanding and practices, farmers need to learn about the disease and how to manage it through appropriate learning approaches that foster innovations in their local context.",
author = "Gobena, {Shiferaw Tafesse} and E. Damtew and {van Mierlo}, B.C. and R. Lie and B. Lemaga and Kalpana Sharma and C. Leeuwis and P.C. Struik",
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Gobena, ST, Damtew, E, van Mierlo, BC, Lie, R, Lemaga, B, Sharma, K, Leeuwis, C & Struik, PC 2019, 'Farmers' Knowledge and Practices of Potato Bacterial Wilt Management in Ethiopia' Tropentag 2019 - Kassel, Kassel, Germany, 18/09/19 - 20/10/19, .

Farmers' Knowledge and Practices of Potato Bacterial Wilt Management in Ethiopia. / Gobena, Shiferaw Tafesse; Damtew, E.; van Mierlo, B.C.; Lie, R.; Lemaga, B.; Sharma, Kalpana; Leeuwis, C.; Struik, P.C.

2019. Abstract from Tropentag 2019 - Kassel, Kassel, Germany.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Farmers' Knowledge and Practices of Potato Bacterial Wilt Management in Ethiopia

AU - Gobena, Shiferaw Tafesse

AU - Damtew, E.

AU - van Mierlo, B.C.

AU - Lie, R.

AU - Lemaga, B.

AU - Sharma, Kalpana

AU - Leeuwis, C.

AU - Struik, P.C.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an increasingly important crop for food and nutrition security in Ethiopia. It is also a vital source of income and more than 3.7 million smallholder farmers are involved in potato production in the country. However, bacterial wilt is currently causing an overwhelming impact on the country's potato production systems, threatening food and nutrition security initiatives. A survey of 261 randomly selected smallholder farmers was carried out in three major potato growing districts in the central highlands of Ethiopia to examine farmers' knowledge and management practices of bacterial wilt, and to analyse the role of relevant knowledge in their practices. Considering their different characteristics, three groups of farmers were distinguished: producers of quality declared seed, producers of normal seed and producers of ware potatoes. The results of the study indicated that most farmers (72%) could recognise symptoms of the disease on infected potato plants. However, they had very limited knowledge of the disease including its causal agent, spreading mechanisms, and management methods. All of the farmers were unaware of the causal agent of the disease and there were significant incongruences between scientific explanations and farmers' understanding of the disease. The farmers provided different explanations and confused a causal agent of the disease with various factors, such as water shortage, insects, planting seed potato with high moisture content, and waterlogging. Further, the majority of the farmers (60%) did not know spreading mechanisms of the disease. There was also no statistically significant association between farmers' knowledge of the disease and the category of the farmers. Farmers' knowledge of recommended management methods for bacterial wilt was also limited. The study further showed that practices of farmers have striking implication for spreading of the disease instead of controlling it. Previous agricultural extension efforts did not have the desirable effect on farmers' knowledge and practices. Therefore, to bridge the gap between scientific knowledge and farmers' understanding and practices, farmers need to learn about the disease and how to manage it through appropriate learning approaches that foster innovations in their local context.

AB - Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is an increasingly important crop for food and nutrition security in Ethiopia. It is also a vital source of income and more than 3.7 million smallholder farmers are involved in potato production in the country. However, bacterial wilt is currently causing an overwhelming impact on the country's potato production systems, threatening food and nutrition security initiatives. A survey of 261 randomly selected smallholder farmers was carried out in three major potato growing districts in the central highlands of Ethiopia to examine farmers' knowledge and management practices of bacterial wilt, and to analyse the role of relevant knowledge in their practices. Considering their different characteristics, three groups of farmers were distinguished: producers of quality declared seed, producers of normal seed and producers of ware potatoes. The results of the study indicated that most farmers (72%) could recognise symptoms of the disease on infected potato plants. However, they had very limited knowledge of the disease including its causal agent, spreading mechanisms, and management methods. All of the farmers were unaware of the causal agent of the disease and there were significant incongruences between scientific explanations and farmers' understanding of the disease. The farmers provided different explanations and confused a causal agent of the disease with various factors, such as water shortage, insects, planting seed potato with high moisture content, and waterlogging. Further, the majority of the farmers (60%) did not know spreading mechanisms of the disease. There was also no statistically significant association between farmers' knowledge of the disease and the category of the farmers. Farmers' knowledge of recommended management methods for bacterial wilt was also limited. The study further showed that practices of farmers have striking implication for spreading of the disease instead of controlling it. Previous agricultural extension efforts did not have the desirable effect on farmers' knowledge and practices. Therefore, to bridge the gap between scientific knowledge and farmers' understanding and practices, farmers need to learn about the disease and how to manage it through appropriate learning approaches that foster innovations in their local context.

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Gobena ST, Damtew E, van Mierlo BC, Lie R, Lemaga B, Sharma K et al. Farmers' Knowledge and Practices of Potato Bacterial Wilt Management in Ethiopia. 2019. Abstract from Tropentag 2019 - Kassel, Kassel, Germany.