Farmer perceptions of agricultural risks; which risk attributes matter most for men and women

Jamleck Osiemo*, Ruerd Ruben, Evan Girvetz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Analysis of farmer risk perceptions is usually limited to production risks, with risk perception as a function of likelihood and severity. Such an approach is limited in the context of the many risks and other important risk attributes of farmers. Our analysis of the risk perceptions of farmers extends beyond production risks, severity of the risks, and their likelihoods. We first characterize agricultural risks and identify their main sources and consequences. We then analyze risk perceptions as a hierarchical construct using partial least squares path modelling. We determine the most important risks and risk attributes in the perceptions of farmers, and test for differences in the perceptions between men and women. Results show that severity and ability to prevent a risk are most important in forming risk perceptions. Second, probabilities (ability to prevent) tend to matter more to men (women) for some risks; lastly, low crop yields and fluctuating input prices have greater total effects on the overall risk perception. Our results provide an impetus for risk analysis in agriculture to consider risk attributes that cause affective reactions such as severity and perceived ability to prevent the risks, the need for input price stabilization, and redress of the rampart yield gaps in small-scale agriculture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12978
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2021


  • Agricultural risks
  • COVID-19
  • Kenya
  • Locus of control
  • Risk management
  • Risk perceptions
  • Structural equation modelling
  • Uncertainty


Dive into the research topics of 'Farmer perceptions of agricultural risks; which risk attributes matter most for men and women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this