Factors affecting the status of food safety management systems in the global fresh produce chain

K.K. Kirezieva, P.A. Luning, L. Jacxsens, A. Allende, G.S. Johannessen, E.C. Tondo, A. Rajkovicb, M. Uyttendaele, T. van Boekel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increase in global trade raised questions regarding status of food safety management systems in fresh produce companies, especially from developing and emerging countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of food safety management systems (FSMSs) implemented at primary production companies of fresh produce, to examine the potential differences between companies operating in European Union (EU) and non-EU (developing and emerging) countries, and to explore the underlying factors. Primary production companies (n = 118), located in the EU and in international cooperation partner countries exporting to the EU, were assessed by using a diagnostic tool. The results from the study indicated that several factors have a dominating effect on the status of FSMSs in the global fresh produce chain. International export supply chains promote capacity building within companies in the chain, to answer the stringent requirements of private brand standards. This was shown to be an important factor in emerging and developing countries, where local institutional environments often fail to support companies in setting and implementing their FSMSs. Moreover, the legislative framework in these countries still requires improvements in the establishment and enforcement. All this has negative consequences for the FSMSs in companies supplying the local markets. In companies located in the EU, sector and other produce organisations facilitate the sampling for pesticide residues and collaboration in the sector. Overall, farmers showed less knowledge and overall awareness regarding microbiological hazards, which is related to the less attention paid to these in the current legislation and standards. Furthermore, standards are an important tool to trigger the maturation of the systems as companies that were lacking any pressure to comply to standards operated at a very basic level - with only few activities implemented. The insights from this study indicate the need of stratified measures and policies to support companies in the fresh produce chain in designing and operating their FSMSs according to the institutional environment in which they operate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-97
JournalFood Control
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points
Safety Management
fresh produce
management systems
food safety
European Union
developing countries
Developing Countries
Capacity Building
International Cooperation
Pesticide Residues
Legislation
biological hazards
international cooperation
Organizations
Pressure
pesticide residues
supply chain
laws and regulations

Keywords

  • developing-countries
  • private standards
  • o104h4 outbreak
  • performance
  • quality
  • challenges
  • vegetables
  • industry
  • implementation
  • exports

Cite this

Kirezieva, K.K. ; Luning, P.A. ; Jacxsens, L. ; Allende, A. ; Johannessen, G.S. ; Tondo, E.C. ; Rajkovicb, A. ; Uyttendaele, M. ; van Boekel, T. / Factors affecting the status of food safety management systems in the global fresh produce chain. In: Food Control. 2015 ; Vol. 52. pp. 85-97.
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abstract = "Increase in global trade raised questions regarding status of food safety management systems in fresh produce companies, especially from developing and emerging countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of food safety management systems (FSMSs) implemented at primary production companies of fresh produce, to examine the potential differences between companies operating in European Union (EU) and non-EU (developing and emerging) countries, and to explore the underlying factors. Primary production companies (n = 118), located in the EU and in international cooperation partner countries exporting to the EU, were assessed by using a diagnostic tool. The results from the study indicated that several factors have a dominating effect on the status of FSMSs in the global fresh produce chain. International export supply chains promote capacity building within companies in the chain, to answer the stringent requirements of private brand standards. This was shown to be an important factor in emerging and developing countries, where local institutional environments often fail to support companies in setting and implementing their FSMSs. Moreover, the legislative framework in these countries still requires improvements in the establishment and enforcement. All this has negative consequences for the FSMSs in companies supplying the local markets. In companies located in the EU, sector and other produce organisations facilitate the sampling for pesticide residues and collaboration in the sector. Overall, farmers showed less knowledge and overall awareness regarding microbiological hazards, which is related to the less attention paid to these in the current legislation and standards. Furthermore, standards are an important tool to trigger the maturation of the systems as companies that were lacking any pressure to comply to standards operated at a very basic level - with only few activities implemented. The insights from this study indicate the need of stratified measures and policies to support companies in the fresh produce chain in designing and operating their FSMSs according to the institutional environment in which they operate.",
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Kirezieva, KK, Luning, PA, Jacxsens, L, Allende, A, Johannessen, GS, Tondo, EC, Rajkovicb, A, Uyttendaele, M & van Boekel, T 2015, 'Factors affecting the status of food safety management systems in the global fresh produce chain', Food Control, vol. 52, pp. 85-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.12.030

Factors affecting the status of food safety management systems in the global fresh produce chain. / Kirezieva, K.K.; Luning, P.A.; Jacxsens, L.; Allende, A.; Johannessen, G.S.; Tondo, E.C.; Rajkovicb, A.; Uyttendaele, M.; van Boekel, T.

In: Food Control, Vol. 52, 2015, p. 85-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors affecting the status of food safety management systems in the global fresh produce chain

AU - Kirezieva, K.K.

AU - Luning, P.A.

AU - Jacxsens, L.

AU - Allende, A.

AU - Johannessen, G.S.

AU - Tondo, E.C.

AU - Rajkovicb, A.

AU - Uyttendaele, M.

AU - van Boekel, T.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Increase in global trade raised questions regarding status of food safety management systems in fresh produce companies, especially from developing and emerging countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of food safety management systems (FSMSs) implemented at primary production companies of fresh produce, to examine the potential differences between companies operating in European Union (EU) and non-EU (developing and emerging) countries, and to explore the underlying factors. Primary production companies (n = 118), located in the EU and in international cooperation partner countries exporting to the EU, were assessed by using a diagnostic tool. The results from the study indicated that several factors have a dominating effect on the status of FSMSs in the global fresh produce chain. International export supply chains promote capacity building within companies in the chain, to answer the stringent requirements of private brand standards. This was shown to be an important factor in emerging and developing countries, where local institutional environments often fail to support companies in setting and implementing their FSMSs. Moreover, the legislative framework in these countries still requires improvements in the establishment and enforcement. All this has negative consequences for the FSMSs in companies supplying the local markets. In companies located in the EU, sector and other produce organisations facilitate the sampling for pesticide residues and collaboration in the sector. Overall, farmers showed less knowledge and overall awareness regarding microbiological hazards, which is related to the less attention paid to these in the current legislation and standards. Furthermore, standards are an important tool to trigger the maturation of the systems as companies that were lacking any pressure to comply to standards operated at a very basic level - with only few activities implemented. The insights from this study indicate the need of stratified measures and policies to support companies in the fresh produce chain in designing and operating their FSMSs according to the institutional environment in which they operate.

AB - Increase in global trade raised questions regarding status of food safety management systems in fresh produce companies, especially from developing and emerging countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of food safety management systems (FSMSs) implemented at primary production companies of fresh produce, to examine the potential differences between companies operating in European Union (EU) and non-EU (developing and emerging) countries, and to explore the underlying factors. Primary production companies (n = 118), located in the EU and in international cooperation partner countries exporting to the EU, were assessed by using a diagnostic tool. The results from the study indicated that several factors have a dominating effect on the status of FSMSs in the global fresh produce chain. International export supply chains promote capacity building within companies in the chain, to answer the stringent requirements of private brand standards. This was shown to be an important factor in emerging and developing countries, where local institutional environments often fail to support companies in setting and implementing their FSMSs. Moreover, the legislative framework in these countries still requires improvements in the establishment and enforcement. All this has negative consequences for the FSMSs in companies supplying the local markets. In companies located in the EU, sector and other produce organisations facilitate the sampling for pesticide residues and collaboration in the sector. Overall, farmers showed less knowledge and overall awareness regarding microbiological hazards, which is related to the less attention paid to these in the current legislation and standards. Furthermore, standards are an important tool to trigger the maturation of the systems as companies that were lacking any pressure to comply to standards operated at a very basic level - with only few activities implemented. The insights from this study indicate the need of stratified measures and policies to support companies in the fresh produce chain in designing and operating their FSMSs according to the institutional environment in which they operate.

KW - developing-countries

KW - private standards

KW - o104h4 outbreak

KW - performance

KW - quality

KW - challenges

KW - vegetables

KW - industry

KW - implementation

KW - exports

U2 - 10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.12.030

DO - 10.1016/j.foodcont.2014.12.030

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 85

EP - 97

JO - Food Control

JF - Food Control

SN - 0956-7135

ER -