Factors affecting duration of the expulsive stage of parturition and piglet birth intervals in sows with uncomplicated, spontaneous farrowings

A.D.J. van Dijk, B.T.T.M. van Rens, T. van der Lende, M.A.M. Taverne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modern pig farming is still confronted with high perinatal piglet losses which are mainly contributed to factors associated with the progress of piglet expulsion. Therefore the aim of this study was to identify sow- and piglet factors affecting the duration of the expulsive stage of farrowing and piglet birth intervals in spontaneous farrowing sows originating from five different breeds. In total 211 litters were investigated. Breed affected duration of the expulsive stage significantly: the shortest duration was found in Large White x Meishan F2 crossbred litters and the longest duration in Dutch Landrace litters. No effect of parity on the duration of the expulsive stage was found. An increase in littersize (P <0.01), an increase in number of stillborn piglets per litter (P <0.05) and a decrease of gestation length (P <0.05, independently of littersize) all resulted in an increased duration of the expulsive stage of farrowing. A curvilinear relationship between birth interval and rank (relative position in the birth order) of the piglets was found. Besides that, piglet birth intervals increased with an increasing birth weight (P <0.001). Stillborn (P <0.01) and posteriorly presented (P <0.05) piglets were delivered after significantly longer birth intervals than liveborn and anteriorly presented piglets. The results on sow- and piglet factors affecting duration of the expulsive stage and piglet birth intervals obtained in this study contribute to an increased insight into (patho) physiological aspects of perinatal mortality in pigs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1573-1590
JournalTheriogenology
Volume64
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • perinatal mortality
  • placental traits
  • plasma oxytocin
  • yorkshire sows
  • genetic merit
  • stillbirth
  • behavior
  • viability
  • survival
  • fetuses

Cite this