Factors affecting domestic water consumption in rural households upon access to improved water supply: insights from the Wei River Basin, China

L. Fan, G. Liu, F. Wang, V. Geissen, C.J. Ritsema

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Comprehensively understanding water consumption behavior is necessary to design efficient and effective water use strategies. Despite global efforts to identify the factors that affect domestic water consumption, those related to domestic water use in rural regions have not been sufficiently studied, particularly in villages that have gained access to improved water supply. To address this gap, we investigated 247 households in eight villages in the Wei River Basin where three types of improved water supply systems are implemented. Results show that domestic water consumption in liters per capita per day was significantly correlated with water supply pattern and vegetable garden area, and significantly negatively correlated with family size and age of household head. Traditional hygiene habits, use of water appliances, and preference for vegetable gardening remain dominant behaviors in the villages with access to improved water supply. Future studies on rural domestic water consumption should pay more attention to user lifestyles (water appliance usage habits, outdoor water use) and cultural backgrounds (age, education).
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere71977
    JournalPLoS ONE
    Volume8
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • path-coefficient analysis
    • developing-countries
    • sensitivity-analysis
    • use patterns
    • zimbabwe
    • behavior
    • disease
    • storage
    • home

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